1,345 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A common 1.6 mb Y-chromosomal inversion predisposes to subsequent deletions and severe spermatogenic failure in humans

    Pille Hallast et al.
    In addition to its academic merits, characterizing the genetic determinants of male (in)fertility and identifying clinically actionable genetic variants can lead to improved diagnosis or even treatment of such conditions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A Y-chromosome shredding gene drive for controlling pest vertebrate populations

    Thomas AA Prowse et al.
    A Y-chromosome shredding gene drive that depletes the pool of XY males and effects mate limitation could be a viable tool for vertebrate pest control.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    GUY1 confers complete female lethality and is a strong candidate for a male-determining factor in Anopheles stephensi

    Frank Criscione et al.
    Evidence that the small GUY1 protein is a strong candidate for being a male-determining factor is provided via the establishment of Guy1 transgenic lines of mosquitoes that confer complete and stable female lethality.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Guy1, a Y-linked embryonic signal, regulates dosage compensation in Anopheles stephensi by increasing X gene expression

    Yumin Qi et al.
    For the first time in a mosquito species an initial Y chromosome signal has been shown to regulate dosage compensation by increasing X chromosome gene expression.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The rise and fall of the ancient northern pike master sex-determining gene

    Qiaowei Pan et al.
    Tracing the evolution of an old master sex determination gene reveals a diversity of sex determination transitions, including a complete Y chromosome loss, among an old teleost order (Esociformes).
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Modifications at K31 on the lateral surface of histone H4 contribute to genome structure and expression in apicomplexan parasites

    Fabien Sindikubwabo et al.
    A versatile acetylation-methylation switch at lysine 31 on the lateral surface of histone H4 contributes to chromatin structure in apicomplexan parasites.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Free-living human cells reconfigure their chromosomes in the evolution back to uni-cellularity

    Jin Xu et al.
    Human cell lines regress to become ‘de-sexualized’ by reconfiguring to a 2:3 X/A ratio of high fitness, thus shedding light on the evolution of mammalian sex chromosomes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromatin-associated RNA sequencing (ChAR-seq) maps genome-wide RNA-to-DNA contacts

    Jason C Bell et al.
    ChAR-seq is a massively parallelized de novo RNA mapping assay, which is capable of generating hundreds to thousands of RNA-binding maps with no a priori knowledge of target RNAs.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A molecular portrait of maternal sepsis from Byzantine Troy

    Alison M Devault et al.
    Mineralized placental tissue from Late Byzantine Troy enables the detailed reconstruction of genomes of mixed bacterial species responsible for maternal sepsis in the ancient world.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Computational prediction of CTCF/cohesin-based intra-TAD loops that insulate chromatin contacts and gene expression in mouse liver

    Bryan J Matthews, David J Waxman
    Certain types of 3D chromatin loops are easy to predict from existing or easily obtainable 2D information, which benefits gene expression studies in tissues/cells/organisms without extensive pre-existing 3D information.

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