1,359 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolutionary dynamics of circular RNAs in primates

    Gabriela Santos-Rodriguez et al.
    An analysis of the genomic features that distinguish conserved from species-specific circular RNAs reveals that the expansion of the downstream intron by insertion of retrotransposons stabilizes circular RNAs' production across 30+ millions years of evolution.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Circular RNA repertoires are associated with evolutionarily young transposable elements

    Franziska Gruhl et al.
    Evolutionary analyses suggest that most mammalian circRNAs did not emerge from common ancestral circRNA precursors, arguing against widespread functional conservation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Human embryo polarization requires PLC signaling to mediate trophectoderm specification

    Meng Zhu et al.
    Functional analyses of in vitro fertilized, preimplanation human embryos reveal that the first lineage segregation depends on cell polarization signaling that is regulated by Phospholipase C (PLC) activity.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Utility of polygenic embryo screening for disease depends on the selection strategy

    Todd Lencz et al.
    Preimplantation screening of embryos using polygenic risk scores may substantially reduce risk for a given complex disease, but this effect depends on several quantifiable factors and raises significant ethical issues.
    1. Cell Biology

    A PX-BAR protein Mvp1/SNX8 and a dynamin-like GTPase Vps1 drive endosomal recycling

    Sho W Suzuki et al.
    PX-BAR Mvp1 and dynamin-like GTPase Vps1 drive retromer-independent endosomal recycling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    microRNA-mediated regulation of microRNA machinery controls cell fate decisions

    Qiuying Liu et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses reveal that two stem-cell-specific microRNAs control stem cell fate decisions between pluripotency and differentiation through repressing Ago2, a key component of the microRNA machinery.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    3′HS1 CTCF binding site in human β-globin locus regulates fetal hemoglobin expression

    Pamela Himadewi et al.
    The 3'HS1 CTCF binding site directly modulates chromosomal loops to regulate γ-globin expression through the accession of the hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin enhancer.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Local adaptation and archaic introgression shape global diversity at human structural variant loci

    Stephanie M Yan et al.
    Graph genotyping of structural variation in diverse human populations reveals functional associations and signatures of local adaptation within poorly resolved regions of the genome.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Y chromosome functions in mammalian spermatogenesis

    Jeremie Subrini, James Turner
    The mammalian Y chromosome has become specialised for male fertility, but exact functions of individual Y genes remain poorly understood, a knowledge gap that new approaches can bridge.

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