274 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcription factor MITF and remodeller BRG1 define chromatin organisation at regulatory elements in melanoma cells

    Patrick Laurette et al.
    The PBAF chromatin-remodelling complex is essential for the proliferation of melanocytes and melanoma cells and is recruited to critical regulatory elements by physical and functional interactions with MITF, a transcription factor and master regulator of melanoma.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell type specificity of neurovascular coupling in cerebral cortex

    Hana Uhlirova et al.
    Excitatory and inhibitory cortical neurons drive parallel vasodilatory pathways, while vasoconstriction is mediated exclusively by inhibition acting via Neuropeptide Y binding to Y1 receptors.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cell Signaling: Extraordinary effects of unnatural pairings

    Alejandro Villarino, John J O'Shea
    Engineered molecules based on human cytokines have potential uses in research and medicine.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Systematic identification of cis-regulatory variants that cause gene expression differences in a yeast cross

    Kaushik Renganaath et al.
    Yeast promoters can harbor multiple natural DNA variants that influence gene expression, interact genetically, evolve under negative selection, alter transcription factor motifs, and remain challenging to predict.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The effect of hybridization on transposable element accumulation in an undomesticated fungal species

    Mathieu Hénault et al.
    Transposable elements are not reactivated in natural hybrids of the yeast Saccharomyces paradoxus, but their accumulation is genotype-specific and is not predicted by the evolutionary divergence between a hybrid's parents.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Stress-activated MAPK signaling controls fission yeast actomyosin ring integrity by modulating formin For3 levels

    Elisa Gómez-Gil et al.
    Microscopic and biochemical analysis show that the stress-activated MAP kinase pathway targets the formin For3 to modulate actomyosin ring integrity in response to environmental cues.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    FACT and Ubp10 collaborate to modulate H2B deubiquitination and nucleosome dynamics

    Melesse Nune et al.
    The histone chaperone FACT and the deubiquitinating enzyme Ubp10 act in concert to remove ubiquitin from histone H2B in nucleosomes, and likely coordinate nucleosome assembly during DNA replication and transcription.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    EFHC1, implicated in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, functions at the cilium and synapse to modulate dopamine signaling

    Catrina M Loucks et al.
    C. elegans EFHC1 influences neuronal transmission through the cilium and the synapse.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Multi-protein bridging factor 1(Mbf1), Rps3 and Asc1 prevent stalled ribosomes from frameshifting

    Jiyu Wang et al.
    An eukaryotic specific system cooperates with the ribosome quality control pathway to maintain the reading frame during translation of slowly translated sequences.

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