3,413 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid computations of spectrotemporal prediction error support perception of degraded speech

    Ediz Sohoglu, Matthew H Davis
    Analysis of speech acoustics and human brain activity reveals the neural computations by which listeners combine speech input with prior expectations.
    1. Medicine

    Lipocalin-2 is an anorexigenic signal in primates

    Peristera-Ioanna Petropoulou et al.
    Lipocalin-2 is a strong predictor of hunger scores, reflects an anti-obesity response that is deregulated in severely obese subjects, and exerts an anorexigenic function with a conserved interspecies mechanism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Islet vascularization is regulated by primary endothelial cilia via VEGF-A-dependent signaling

    Yan Xiong et al.
    Primary cilia on endothelial cells are required for VEGF-A/ VEGFR2-dependent signaling, islet vascularization and, consequently, nutrient delivery and insulin disposal.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    16p11.2 microdeletion imparts transcriptional alterations in human iPSC-derived models of early neural development

    Julien G Roth et al.
    A model of in vitro human corticogenesis identifies alterations in gene expression caused by loss of 16p11.2 CNV genes in hiPSC-derived progenitor cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    The actin-modulating protein synaptopodin mediates long-term survival of dendritic spines

    Kenrick Yap et al.
    Long-term imaging of dentate granule cells reveals that the presence of synaptopodin within large spines, rather than their size, conveys long-term stability to large spines.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit mechanism for decision-making biases and NMDA receptor hypofunction

    Sean Edward Cavanagh et al.
    Ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist and experimental model for schizophrenia, produces decision-making deficits in monkeys, which are predicted by a lowering of cortical excitation-inhibition balance in a spiking circuit model.
    1. Medicine

    Loss of adaptive capacity in asthmatic patients revealed by biomarker fluctuation dynamics after rhinovirus challenge

    Anirban Sinha et al.
    Fluctuation of biomarkers is a novel way of studying system stability during stable and unstable states of health and disease, revealing the systems' ability to cope with external perturbations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The effect of hybridization on transposable element accumulation in an undomesticated fungal species

    Mathieu Hénault et al.
    Transposable elements are not reactivated in natural hybrids of the yeast Saccharomyces paradoxus, but their accumulation is genotype-specific and is not predicted by the evolutionary divergence between a hybrid's parents.
    1. Neuroscience

    Properties of multivesicular release from mouse rod photoreceptors support transmission of single-photon responses

    Cassandra L Hays et al.
    To improve the reliability of transmitting small single-photon voltage responses, rod photoreceptor cells release synaptic vesicles in regularly timed multivesicular events that are exquisitely sensitive to small voltage changes.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Estrogen receptor alpha in the brain mediates tamoxifen-induced changes in physiology in mice

    Zhi Zhang et al.
    Estrogen receptor alpha in the hypothalamus is required for the effects of chronic tamoxifen treament on gene expression, thermoregulation, bone, and movement in mice.

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