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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An Aedes aegypti-associated fungus increases susceptibility to dengue virus by modulating gut trypsin activity

    Yesseinia I Angleró-Rodríguez et al.
    Talaromyces (Tsp_PR) fungus render Aedes aegypti mosquitoes more susceptible to dengue virus infection through secreted molecules that impair midgut digestive enzyme transcription and activity.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Introduction of a male-harming mitochondrial haplotype via ‘Trojan Females’ achieves population suppression in fruit flies

    Jonci Nikolai Wolff et al.
    Mitochondrial genomes harbor male-fertility-reducing mutations that can be harnessed to control population viability as a novel approach to control economic and environmental pests.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and in situ organisation of the Pyrococcus furiosus archaellum machinery

    Bertram Daum et al.
    Using both electron cryo-tomography and helical reconstruction, the first structure of the entire archaellum machinery with an assembled filament has been determined, providing the structural basis for our understanding of archaeal motility.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Dengue viruses cleave STING in humans but not in nonhuman primates, their presumed natural reservoir

    Alex C Stabell et al.
    An analysis of innate immunity reveals why dengue viruses do not reach high titers in primate laboratory models, even though they emerged through zoonotic transmission from primate reservoirs.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Tracking zoonotic pathogens using blood-sucking flies as 'flying syringes'

    Paul-Yannick Bitome-Essono et al.
    A field study coupled with a molecular analysis demonstrates that using hematophagous flies as 'flying syringes' could be used to investigate blood-borne pathogen diversity in wild vertebrates and act as an early detection tool of zoonotic pathogens.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Viral RNA switch mediates the dynamic control of flavivirus replicase recruitment by genome cyclization

    Zhong-Yu Liu et al.
    A conserved element in the flavivirus genomic 5′ terminus switches its conformation in response to long-range RNA interactions, and thereby regulates the dynamic recruitment of viral replicase for efficient viral RNA replication.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Comparative analysis of viral RNA signatures on different RIG-I-like receptors

    Raul Y Sanchez David et al.
    An experimental approach allowing characterization of viral RNA ligands recognized by RIG-I-like receptors during infection by any RNA viruses is established and validated.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Using mobile phones as acoustic sensors for high-throughput mosquito surveillance

    Haripriya Mukundarajan et al.
    Mobile phones can accurately capture sound recordings from mosquito wingbeats with species-specific frequencies, together with metadata about the recording time, location and conditions, to enable rapid low-cost mosquito surveillance using a citizen-science approach.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Tracking interspecies transmission and long-term evolution of an ancient retrovirus using the genomes of modern mammals

    William E Diehl et al.
    Endogenous virus sequences in the genomes of modern mammals reveal the global spread of an ancient virus lineage, including frequent interspecies transmission, adaptation, and emergence spanning several million years of mammalian evolution
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Temperature explains broad patterns of Ross River virus transmission

    Marta Strecker Shocket et al.
    Accounting for nonlinear responses to temperature is critical for accurately predicting how Ross River virus and other mosquito-borne diseases will respond to climate change and detecting the effects of temperature on disease transmission.