321 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Closed-loop auditory stimulation method to modulate sleep slow waves and motor learning performance in rats

    Carlos G Moreira et al.
    Delivery of auditory triggers as unique slow waves-targeting approach yields efficient, stable, and precise modulation of slow-wave activity in rats.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spectral signature and behavioral consequence of spontaneous shifts of pupil-linked arousal in human

    Ella Podvalny et al.
    Fluctuations of spectral power in large-scale cortical networks shape behavior in a perceptual decision-making task through arousal-linked and arousal-independent mechanisms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lying in a 3T MRI scanner induces neglect-like spatial attention bias

    Axel Lindner et al.
    Exposing subjects to the magnetic field of an MRI scanner stimulates the vestibular organ and thereby induces a horizontal bias of spatial orienting and exploration similar to that seen in stroke patients with spatial neglect.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoding the brain state-dependent relationship between pupil dynamics and resting state fMRI signal fluctuation

    Filip Sobczak et al.
    The variability of the pupil–fMRI relationship was characterized through a combination of clustering and prediction methods, which revealed brain state-specific subcortical and neuromodulatory activation patterns reflected in pupil dynamics.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A framework for studying behavioral evolution by reconstructing ancestral repertoires

    Damián G Hernández et al.
    The behavioral repertoires from six species of flies are measured, and a statistical approach is developed to predict co-evolving behaviors, providing a potential framework for exploring behavioral evolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural dynamics between anterior insular cortex and right supramarginal gyrus dissociate genuine affect sharing from perceptual saliency of pretended pain

    Yili Zhao et al.
    Seeing others genuinely experiencing pain vs. pretending to be in pain is distinctively tracked by neural processes related to affect sharing and self-other distinction, enabling individuals to precisely respond to others’ actual emotions and needs.
    1. Neuroscience

    L-DOPA modulates activity in the vmPFC, nucleus accumbens, and VTA during threat extinction learning in humans

    Roland Esser et al.
    Encoding an expected, but absent, threat is modulated by dopaminergic neurotransmission that regulates success of extinction learning in humans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuronal calmodulin levels are controlled by CAMTA transcription factors

    Thanh Thi Vuong-Brender et al.
    CAMTA transcription factors are evolutionarily conserved regulators of neuronal levels of the major Ca2+ sensor calmodulin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Scanned optogenetic control of mammalian somatosensory input to map input-specific behavioral outputs

    Ara Schorscher-Petcu et al.
    A system to generate ‘remote touch’ in freely behaving mice can be utilized to map behavior caused by precise somatosensory inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus-specific plasticity in human visual gamma-band activity and functional connectivity

    Benjamin J Stauch et al.
    When visual stimuli are repeated, gamma oscillations in human early visual cortex and feedforward gamma synchronization across the visual system show stimulus-specific and persistent increases.

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