1,307 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Insulin: Folding mutations suppress early beta-cell proliferation

    Honey Modi, James D Johnson
    Exploring how proliferation and maturation of beta-cells can be impaired after birth will shed light on the origins of various forms of diabetes.
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    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Insulin mutations impair beta-cell development in a patient-derived iPSC model of neonatal diabetes

    Diego Balboa et al.
    Mutations causing proinsulin misfolding trigger unfolded protein response and lead to impaired proliferation and reduced mTORC1 signalling of developing beta-cells in a patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cell disease model.
    1. Neuroscience

    The rate of transient beta frequency events predicts behavior across tasks and species

    Hyeyoung Shin et al.
    Across species, tasks and recording modalities, the rate of transient neocortical beta frequency (15-29Hz) events strongly predicts perceptual ability, providing fundamental mechanistic insight, with implications for tracking and manipulating brain dynamics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Beta band oscillations in motor cortex reflect neural population signals that delay movement onset

    Preeya Khanna, Jose M Carmena
    Using a sequential neurofeedback-arm reaching task, a new link is established among population neural activity patterns, generation of beta oscillations, and motor behavior changes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Age-related islet inflammation marks the proliferative decline of pancreatic beta-cells in zebrafish

    Sharan Janjuha et al.
    During aging, the pancreatic endocrine islets undergo chronic inflammation, which is associated with a reduced capacity for self-renewal of the insulin-producing beta-cells in zebrafish.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Beta-catenin signaling regulates barrier-specific gene expression in circumventricular organ and ocular vasculatures

    Yanshu Wang et al.
    Elevating beta-catenin signaling converts endothelial cells in typically fenestrated central nervous system vasculature to a blood-brain barrier (BBB) phenotype and promotes a BBB gene expression program and chromatin landscape.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The amyloid-beta forming tripeptide cleavage mechanism of γ-secretase

    David M Bolduc et al.
    The protease γ-secretase generates amyloid-beta peptides using a mechanism that is driven by the stabilization of an enzyme-substrate scisson complex.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Protein Evolution: Building bigger beta-barrels

    Vikas Nanda
    The range of barrel-shaped proteins found in the outer membrane of certain bacteria evolved through multiple pathways.
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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A conserved bacterial protein induces pancreatic beta cell expansion during zebrafish development

    Jennifer Hampton Hill et al.
    A previously undescribed protein produced by certain resident intestinal bacteria induces zebrafish pancreatic beta cell expansion.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microbiota: From bugs to beta cells

    Yuxi Zhang, Daniel Hesselson
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