431 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Projection neurons in Drosophila antennal lobes signal the acceleration of odor concentrations

    Anmo J Kim et al.
    Neurons in the fruit fly olfactory system respond most strongly to the sudden appearance of an odor, and to odors that are changing rapidly in strength, but are relatively insensitive to the absolute levels of an odor.
    1. Ecology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies

    Julia Fischer et al.
    Wild baboons are an excellent model to study complex evolutionary processes such as speciation and hybridization, as well as the links between sociality, longevity and reproductive success.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Point of View: Are theoretical results ‘Results’?

    Raymond E Goldstein
    There should be a prominent place for theory within biology papers, both as Results in papers that combine experiment and theory, and as Results in theory papers.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteasome storage granules protect proteasomes from autophagic degradation upon carbon starvation

    Richard S Marshall, Richard D Vierstra
    Proteasomes are protected from autophagic elimination upon carbon starvation by sequestration into cytoplasmic storage granules, which aid cell fitness by providing a cache of proteasomes that can be rapidly remobilized when carbon availability improves.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Protein-mediated RNA folding governs sequence-specific interactions between rotavirus genome segments

    Alexander Borodavka et al.
    In rotaviruses, the selective packaging of eleven distinct genomic RNA segments requires virus-encoded protein NSP2 to alter the RNA structures, facilitating their interactions with each other.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A lncRNA fine tunes the dynamics of a cell state transition involving Lin28, let-7 and de novo DNA methylation

    Meng Amy Li et al.
    A novel lncRNA (Ephemeron) is connected to known post-transcriptional and epigenetic regulators as part of an integrated machinery, which controls the timely exit from the naïve state of mouse embryonic stem cells.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Effects of myosin variants on interacting-heads motif explain distinct hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy phenotypes

    Lorenzo Alamo et al.
    Mapping the locations of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy gene variants onto the three-dimensional structures of contractile proteins revealed that these disrupt protein interactions are critical for normal cardiac relaxation and efficient energy usage.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Two-step membrane binding by the bacterial SRP receptor enable efficient and accurate Co-translational protein targeting

    Yu-Hsien Hwang Fu et al.
    Single molecule microscopy combined with biochemical analyses show that a two-step lipid-binding mechanism of the SRP receptor balances the trade-off between speed and specificity during co-translational protein targeting.

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