1,680 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Adaptation to mutational inactivation of an essential gene converges to an accessible suboptimal fitness peak

    João V Rodrigues, Eugene I Shakhnovich
    When an essential metabolic gene in E. coli is mutationally inactivated, subsequent evolution rarely reverts the mutation to wild type but rather follows unexpected paths that rewire metabolic fluxes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Point of View: The challenges faced by living stock collections in the USA

    Kevin McCluskey et al.
    Living stock collections provide invaluable resources to research communities, yet they face significant challenges.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Role of framework mutations and antibody flexibility in the evolution of broadly neutralizing antibodies

    Victor Ovchinnikov et al.
    Computer simulations of the evolution of broadly neutralizing antibodies against HIV suggest that non-traditional pathways involving framework mutations which lead initially to increased antibody flexibility do occur, but can be avoided by appropriate vaccine design.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells are regulated by shared enhancers and KLF transcription factors

    Shiri Kult et al.
    The molecular identity of bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells, which display a mixture of transcriptomes of two neighboring cell types, enables the formation of the unique transitional tissue of the enthesis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Efficient chromatin accessibility mapping in situ by nucleosome-tethered tagmentation

    Steven Henikoff et al.
    A simple modification of CUT&Tag chromatin profiling method provides high-quality chromatin accessibility maps and indicates that 'open' chromatin results from a transcription-coupled process at promoters and enhancers.
    1. Plant Biology

    Accurate and versatile 3D segmentation of plant tissues at cellular resolution

    Adrian Wolny et al.
    Convolutional neural networks and graph partitioning algorithms can be combined into an easy-to-use tool for segmentation of cells in dense plant tissue volumes imaged with light microscopy.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Derivation of trophoblast stem cells from naïve human pluripotent stem cells

    Chen Dong et al.
    Naive hPSCs can readily give rise to human trophoblast stem cells, thus demonstrating their extraembryonic lineage potential and providing a new model system to study human trophectoderm specification.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampome.org: a knowledge base of neuron types in the rodent hippocampus

    Diek W Wheeler et al.
    Hippocampome.org is an online resource that provides free human- and machine-readable access to the comprehensive property-based classification of hippocampal neurons from 14,000 pieces of published experimental evidence.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brian 2, an intuitive and efficient neural simulator

    Marcel Stimberg et al.
    Brian 2 is a software package for neural simulations that makes it both easy and computationally efficient to define original models for computational experiment.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An efficient targeted nuclease strategy for high-resolution mapping of DNA binding sites

    Peter J Skene, Steven Henikoff
    CUT&RUN (Cleavage Under Targets & Release Using Nuclease) profiles antibody-targeted DNA-binding proteins in situ with high resolution and low background, providing a simple, robust and scalable alternative to chromatin immunoprecipitation.

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