83 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal antimicrobial toxicity is neutralized by an intracellular pathogen

    Hannah Tabakh et al.
    The aldehyde 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal is a novel component of the host antimicrobial reactive oxygen burst, and the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes encodes genes specifically for its detoxification.
    1. Cell Biology

    Glucose restriction drives spatial reorganization of mevalonate metabolism

    Sean Rogers et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses, coupled with fluorescence imaging, reveal that spatial compartmentalization of HMG-CoA Reductases at yeast ER-lysosome contacts modulates mevalonate pathway flux during glucose restriction, enabling metabolic adaptation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dichloroacetate reverses sepsis-induced hepatic metabolic dysfunction

    Rabina Mainali et al.
    Integrative multi-omics reveals global dysregulation in hepatic metabolism during prolonged sepsis.
    1. Cell Biology

    In vivo proteomic mapping through GFP-directed proximity-dependent biotin labelling in zebrafish

    Zherui Xiong et al.
    BLITZ system enables proximity-dependent biotin labelling in live zebrafish embryos with cell and tissue specificity, providing a versatile and valuable tool for proteomic discovery using the zebrafish model.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Drosophila PDGF/VEGF signaling from muscles to hepatocyte-like cells protects against obesity

    Arpan C Ghosh et al.
    A muscle-derived signaling molecule suppresses excessive accumulation of lipids in the Drosophila adipose tissue by activating the Pi3K/Akt/mTOR signaling cascade in the Drosophila hepatocyte-like cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Translation in amino-acid-poor environments is limited by tRNAGln charging

    Natalya N Pavlova et al.
    Amino acid limitation triggers preferential uncharging of glutamine-specific tRNAs and depletes polyglutamine tract-containing proteins from mammalian cells, revealing a potential role for polyglutamine tracts as sensors of glutamine sufficiency.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Neutrophil infiltration regulates clock-gene expression to organize daily hepatic metabolism

    María Crespo et al.
    Circadian neutrophil infiltration in the liver modulates liver clock-gene expression and daily hepatic metabolism through the secretion of elastase and activation of JNK-FGF21-Bmal1 axis in the hepatocyte.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Autophagy compensates for Lkb1 loss to maintain adult mice homeostasis and survival

    Khoosheh Khayati et al.
    Autophagy and Lkb1 work synergistically to maintain adult mouse homeostasis and survival.
    1. Medicine

    Weight loss, insulin resistance, and study design confound results in a meta-analysis of animal models of fatty liver

    Harriet Hunter et al.
    Animal studies of fatty liver disease over-estimate the benefit of drugs due to publication bias and are confounded by off-target weight loss, illustrating the challenge of successful translational across species.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Lipid hijacking: A unifying theme in vector-borne diseases

    Anya J O'Neal et al.
    A conceptual and unifying framework with a critical appraisal of lipid hijacking by microbes cycling between an arthropod vector and a mammalian host is explored.

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