291 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Protein kinase C coordinates histone H3 phosphorylation and acetylation

    Zoulfia Darieva et al.
    Chromatin structure is altered following DNA replication stress through the activity of protein kinase C signalling which leads to functionally coupled histone H3 phosphorylation and acetylation events.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) prime the limb specific Shh enhancer for chromatin changes that balance histone acetylation mediated by E26 transformation-specific (ETS) factors

    Silvia Peluso et al.
    FGF signalling is responsible for priming the developmental enhancer ZRS across the distal limb mesenchyme during development, allowing ETS factors to modulate its activity through balancing histone acetylation.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    Acetylation of histone H3 at lysine 64 regulates nucleosome dynamics and facilitates transcription

    Vincenzo Di Cerbo et al.
    The acetylation of histones at specific sites close to DNA can regulate transcription.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SIRT2 and lysine fatty acylation regulate the transforming activity of K-Ras4a

    Hui Jing et al.
    A new post-translational regulatory mechanism of K-Ras is identified, which expands the function of reversible protein lysine fatty acylation and offers new possibility to target the K-Ras oncoprotein.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SIRT6 regulates Ras-related protein R-Ras2 by lysine defatty-acylation

    Xiaoyu Zhang et al.
    A posttranslational regulatory mechanism for a Ras family small GTPase could open up new directions to understand and control the Ras family of proteins that are important for physiology and diseases.
    1. Cell Biology

    SIRT2 deacetylase regulates the activity of GSK3 isoforms independent of inhibitory phosphorylation

    Mohsen Sarikhani et al.
    Mass spectroscopy, molecular modeling and/or molecular dynamics simulations reveal how acetylation regulates the activity of GSK3 isoforms independent of inhibitory phosphorylation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Modifications at K31 on the lateral surface of histone H4 contribute to genome structure and expression in apicomplexan parasites

    Fabien Sindikubwabo et al.
    A versatile acetylation-methylation switch at lysine 31 on the lateral surface of histone H4 contributes to chromatin structure in apicomplexan parasites.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based nuclear import mechanism of histones H3 and H4 mediated by Kap123

    Sojin An et al.
    Structural and biochemical studies of Kap123 revealed the mechanisms by which Kap123 recognizes H3- and H4-NLSs through two lysine-binding pockets and by which evolutionarily conserved diacetylation of H4-NLS facilitates Kap123-H3-NLS mediated nuclear translocation.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Salicylate, diflunisal and their metabolites inhibit CBP/p300 and exhibit anticancer activity

    Kotaro Shirakawa et al.
    Salicylic acid, the precursor to aspirin, is an anti-tumor agent that blocks protein acetylation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acetylated tubulin is essential for touch sensation in mice

    Shane J Morley et al.
    Increased stiffness of sensory neurons in the absence of microtubule acetylation renders mice profoundly insensitive to touch and pain.

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