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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel acidification mechanism for greatly enhanced oxygen supply to the fish retina

    Christian Damsgaard et al.
    A novel mode of oxygen delivery facilitated the adaptive evolution of vision in teleost fishes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The vacuolar-ATPase complex and assembly factors, TMEM199 and CCDC115, control HIF1α prolyl hydroxylation by regulating cellular iron levels

    Anna L Miles et al.
    An unbiased genome-wide human forward genetic screen identifies the vacuolar ATPase complex and assembly factors as regulators of HIF stability through their actions on intracellular iron metabolism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct modes of endocytotic presynaptic membrane and protein uptake at the calyx of Held terminal of rats and mice

    Yuji Okamoto et al.
    Capacitance measurements and pH imaging reveal distinct modes of uptake for endocytotic presynaptic membrane and proteins.
    1. Cell Biology

    A pH-driven transition of the cytoplasm from a fluid- to a solid-like state promotes entry into dormancy

    Matthias Christoph Munder et al.
    The cytoplasm behaves as an adaptable fluid that can reversibly transition into a protective solid-like state upon stress.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Fast retrieval and autonomous regulation of single spontaneously recycling synaptic vesicles

    Jeremy Leitz, Ege T Kavalali
    Spontaneous fusion of vesicles at synapses is regulated independently of fusion triggered by action potentials, adding to evidence that the two types of fusion have distinct functions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The endoplasmic reticulum, not the pH gradient, drives calcium refilling of lysosomes

    Abigail G Garrity et al.
    The endoplasmic reticulum serves as a direct and primary source of calcium ions for the lysosome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    cAMP signaling regulates DNA hydroxymethylation by augmenting the intracellular labile ferrous iron pool

    Vladimir Camarena et al.
    cAMP is identified to play a novel role in regulating DNA demethylation and gene transcription by augmenting the intracellular reactive Fe(II) pool.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Limitations to photosynthesis by proton motive force-induced photosystem II photodamage

    Geoffry A Davis et al.
    Storage of solar energy in the thylakoid electrical field by photosynthesis in vivo can substantially destabilize charge-separated states in photosystem II, leading to singlet oxygen production and photodamage, contributing to loss of productivity, especially under fluctuating light experienced in the field.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    miR-1 coordinately regulates lysosomal v-ATPase and biogenesis to impact proteotoxicity and muscle function during aging

    Isabelle Schiffer et al.
    Coordinate control of lysosomal v-ATPase subunits and biogenesis factor TFEB by miR-1 identifies a key regulatory axis with strong links to age-related proteotoxic disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Two central pattern generators from the crab, Cancer borealis, respond robustly and differentially to extreme extracellular pH

    Jessica A Haley et al.
    The rhythms generated by the stomatogastric and cardiac ganglia of the Jonah crab are surprisingly robust but differentially sensitive to acute changes in extracellular pH from pH 5.5 to 10.4.