2,351 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Multi-step vs. single-step resistance evolution under different drugs, pharmacokinetics, and treatment regimens

    Claudia Igler et al.
    The number and effects of mutations leading to full drug resistance crucially determine treatment failure probability and should be used to inform antimicrobial treatment strategies with regard to avoidance of resistance emergence.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The SERM/SERD bazedoxifene disrupts ESR1 helix 12 to overcome acquired hormone resistance in breast cancer cells

    Sean W Fanning et al.
    Bazedoxifene's SERD activities enable it to resist the impact of activating ESR1 mutations in breast cancer.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium Niemann-Pick type C1-related protein is a druggable target required for parasite membrane homeostasis

    Eva S Istvan et al.
    The malaria parasite Niemann-Pick Type C1-related protein is an important new antimalarial target.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Inhibition of mutant EGFR in lung cancer cells triggers SOX2-FOXO6-dependent survival pathways

    S Michael Rothenberg et al.
    SOX2 causes resistance to anti-EGFR therapies in EGFR-mutant lung cancer.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genomic epidemiology of artemisinin resistant malaria

    MalariaGEN Plasmodium falciparum Community Project
    Plasmodium falciparum kelch13 mutations that cause artemisinin resistant malaria in Southeast Asia show markedly different patterns of evolutionary selection in Africa.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    In-host population dynamics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex during active disease

    Roger Vargas et al.
    Bulk whole genome sequencing data can be used to study the genetic variation present in pathogenic bacterial populations over the time-course of a single infection within a host.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The selective estrogen receptor downregulator GDC-0810 is efficacious in diverse models of ER+ breast cancer

    James D Joseph et al.
    GDC-0810 is a novel, orally bioavailable SERD that exhibits robust pre-clinical activity in models of ER+ breast cancer, including models of tamoxifen resistance, and those that express the ERα mutations, ER.Y537S and ER.D538G.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Compensatory evolution drives multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Central Asia

    Matthias Merker et al.
    The genetic make-up of dominating MDR-TB clades in Central Asia is shaped by programmatic and socio-economic changes that led to fixation of resistance and bacterial fitness related mutations in the Soviet era.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ribosomal mutations promote the evolution of antibiotic resistance in a multidrug environment

    James E Gomez et al.
    Mutations in several components of a bacterial ribosome are shown to broadly decrease antibiotic and stress sensitivity, and readily accessible reversion mutations allow these ribosomal mutations to serve as stepping stones to high level antibiotic resistance.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary pathways to antibiotic resistance are dependent upon environmental structure and bacterial lifestyle

    Alfonso Santos-Lopez et al.
    Bacteria growing in biofilms evolve antimicrobial resistance via different pathways and generate greater genetic diversity than well-mixed populations, selecting fitter but less resistant genotypes.

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