4,626 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    MCU encodes the pore conducting mitochondrial calcium currents

    Dipayan Chaudhuri et al.
    Genetic and electrophysiological experiments reveal that a gene called MCU encodes the ion channel pore that allows calcium ions to cross the inner mitochondrial membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM visualization of the ribosome in termination complex with apo-RF3 and RF1

    Jesper Pallesen et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy has been used to provide a structural interpretation of the complete action cycle of release factor 3 during translation termination, which includes a coordinated sequence of interactions with a class-I release factor and the ribosome.
    1. Cell Biology

    Stapled Golgi cisternae remain in place as cargo passes through the stack

    Gregory Lavieu et al.
    The cisternae of the Golgi contain two functionally distinct domains: the central areas, which remain stationary, and the edges or rims, which are mobile.
    1. Plant Biology

    Temporal transcriptional response to ethylene gas drives growth hormone cross-regulation in Arabidopsis

    Katherine Noelani Chang et al.
    The plant hormone ethylene regulates the expression of multiple genes in the model plant Arabidopsis, including those that respond to other hormones.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The homologous recombination machinery modulates the formation of RNA–DNA hybrids and associated chromosome instability

    Lamia Wahba et al.
    When a protein involved in DNA repair malfunctions, it can anneal RNA molecules to DNA molecules, creating hybrids that increase the frequency of mutations in the DNA.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Condensin controls recruitment of RNA polymerase II to achieve nematode X-chromosome dosage compensation

    William S Kruesi et al.
    C. elegans equalizes the expression of X-chromosome genes between the sexes by reducing the recruitment of RNA polymerase II to promoters of X-linked genes in hermaphrodites, using a chromosome-restructuring complex called condensin.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone demethylase Lsd1 represses hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell signatures during blood cell maturation

    Marc A Kerenyi et al.
    Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (Lsd1) has an essential role during both the early and later stages of blood cell development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The autoregulation of a eukaryotic DNA transposon

    Corentin Claeys Bouuaert et al.
    A DNA transposon, or ‘jumping gene’, controls its amplification within a genome through a competition between the enzyme multimers that are responsible for its mobility.
    1. Cell Biology

    Photoreceptor avascular privilege is shielded by soluble VEGF receptor-1

    Ling Luo et al.
    The eye produces a protein that inhibits the growth of blood vessels in the deep retina, which includes the photoreceptor layer, and disruption of this process can lead to blindness.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Evolutionary dynamics of cancer in response to targeted combination therapy

    Ivana Bozic et al.
    A study that models the evolution of drug resistance in tumors reveals that drugs are more effective when given in combination than sequentially, and that cure is much more likely when the drugs target different pathways.

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