3,475 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    2018 Gairdner Awards: The past, present and future of light-gated ion channels and optogenetics

    Sheena A Josselyn
    Research into light-gated ion channels called channelrhodospins laid the foundations for the development of optogenetics, a technique that has gone on to revolutionize neuroscience.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lamina-specific cortical dynamics in human visual and sensorimotor cortices

    James J Bonaiuto et al.
    Cortical oscillations in human MEG are lamina-specific, with low-frequency activity predominating in deep, and high-frequency activity in more superficial layers of sensory and motor cortices.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    2018 Gairdner Awards: The discovery and importance of genomic imprinting

    Anne C Ferguson-Smith, Deborah Bourchis
    Research into genomic imprinting has provided a foundation for the study of epigenetic mechanisms, especially during development, and has also shed light on a range of rare genetic disorders and common diseases.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Calcium-dependent electrostatic control of anion access to the pore of the calcium-activated chloride channel TMEM16A

    Andy KM Lam, Raimund Dutzler
    Ion conduction in the calcium-activated chloride channel TMEM16A is directly regulated by calcium, which binds to a site close to the pore thereby shaping the electrostatics at its intracellular entrance.
    1. Neuroscience

    MAPLE (modular automated platform for large-scale experiments), a robot for integrated organism-handling and phenotyping

    Tom Alisch et al.
    A new versatile, autonomous, robotic experimental platform (MAPLE) can increase the throughput of biological experiments by automating the growth and phenotyping of a variety of model organisms.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A novel pH-dependent membrane peptide that binds to EphA2 and inhibits cell migration

    Daiane S Alves et al.
    The transmembrane domain of the EphA2 receptor has been transformed into a novel amphitropic peptide that binds to the EphA2 receptor and inhibits cell migration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Persistent coding of outcome-predictive cue features in the rat nucleus accumbens

    Jimmie M Gmaz et al.
    Neural activity in the rat nucleus accumbens provides a rich task representation that includes not only expected outcomes, but also the specific identity of the cues that predict these outcomes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The role of Pitx2 and Pitx3 in muscle stem cells gives new insights into P38α MAP kinase and redox regulation of muscle regeneration

    Aurore L'honoré et al.
    Modulation of muscle stem cell redox state in culture both improves their amplification while maintaining a similar grafting potential as freshly isolated stem cells.

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