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    1. Ecology

    Group-specific archaeological signatures of stone tool use in wild macaques

    Lydia V Luncz et al.
    Tool behaviour of long-tailed macaques leaves archaeological signatures that differ between populations despite similar ecological conditions, highlighting the potential for diversity in material culture.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fixation-pattern similarity analysis reveals adaptive changes in face-viewing strategies following aversive learning

    Lea Kampermann et al.
    A novel approach based on eye-movement patterns reveals adaptive changes during viewing of faces and fear generalization.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Inducing conformational preference of the membrane protein transporter EmrE through conservative mutations

    Maureen Leninger et al.
    Conservative mutations within a secondary active transport protein influenced the conformational equilibrium probed using NMR spectroscopy which correlated to the functional output in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    C. elegans neurons have functional dendritic spines

    Andrea Cuentas-Condori et al.
    Caenorhabditis elegans has bona fide dendritic spines, suggesting that the advantages of small model organisms, such as genetic manipulations and live-cell imaging, can be exploited to study dendritic spines.
    1. Cell Biology

    Selective clearance of the inner nuclear membrane protein emerin by vesicular transport during ER stress

    Abigail Buchwalter et al.
    Emerin, a protein that plays key roles in nuclear organization, can be dynamically degraded in response to environmental stimuli such as ER stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural mechanism for contextualizing fragmented inputs during naturalistic vision

    Daniel Kaiser et al.
    In scene-selective occipital cortex and within 200 ms of processing, visual inputs are sorted according to their typical spatial position within a scene.
    1. Cell Biology

    TORC2-Gad8-dependent myosin phosphorylation modulates regulation by calcium

    Karen Baker et al.
    IQ domain phosphorylation regulates calmodulin binding and myosin-1 function.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genetically diverse uropathogenic Escherichia coli adopt a common transcriptional program in patients with UTIs

    Anna Sintsova et al.
    Conserved transcriptomic profile of uropathogenic E. coli in patients identifies an infection-specific metabolic state.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cis-regulatory basis of sister cell type divergence in the vertebrate retina

    Daniel P Murphy et al.
    While photoreceptor and bipolar cells exhibit very similar cis-regulatory grammars, subtle differences in homeodomain motif enrichment represent a key distinction driving the divergence in their transcriptomes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Population rate-coding predicts correctly that human sound localization depends on sound intensity

    Antje Ihlefeld et al.
    Softer sound appears closer to midline than louder sound, conflicting with a labelled-line representation of auditory space and supporting the idea that humans use rate coding when calculating sound directionality.