8,988 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Reconstruction of genetically identified neurons imaged by serial-section electron microscopy

    Maximilian Joesch et al.
    A new pipeline of electron microscopy techniques reduces the time required to visualize genetically targeted neurons and their connections by two orders of magnitude.
    1. Neuroscience

    Control of adaptive action selection by secondary motor cortex during flexible visual categorization

    Tian-Yi Wang et al.
    The secondary motor cortex causally contributes to flexible action selection during stimulus categorization with the representations of upcoming choice and sensory history regulated by the demand to remap stimulus–action association.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Action detection using a neural network elucidates the genetics of mouse grooming behavior

    Brian Q Geuther et al.
    A machine learning method for action detection is developed and applied toward mouse grooming behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Balancing model-based and memory-free action selection under competitive pressure

    Atsushi Kikumoto, Ulrich Mayr
    People compete by trying to outsmart their opponents as long as they win, but show random behavior, and neural signs of suppressing knowledge about opponents’ strategies, when they lose.
    1. Neuroscience

    Release-dependent feedback inhibition by a presynaptically localized ligand-gated anion channel

    Seika Takayanagi-Kiya et al.
    An anion-selective ligand gated channel acts as a presynaptic auto-receptor to modulate vesicle release and neuronal excitation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mushroom body output neurons encode valence and guide memory-based action selection in Drosophila

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    Output neurons in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain encode the positive or negative survival value of stimuli, enabling insects to choose adaptive approach and avoidance behaviors through associative learning.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular mechanism for direct actin force-sensing by α-catenin

    Lin Mei et al.
    Biophysical and structural studies reveal how low piconewton forces across actin enhance binding by the critical cell-cell adhesion protein α-catenin versus its force insensitive homolog vinculin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sequential selection of economic good and action in medial frontal cortex of macaques during value-based decisions

    Xiaomo Chen, Veit Stuphorn
    Whenever monkeys are required to choose between multiple options, neural responses indicate that they first select the desired outcome and then use this information to guide their actions.
    1. Neuroscience

    The comprehensive connectome of a neural substrate for ‘ON’ motion detection in Drosophila

    Shin-ya Takemura et al.
    Connectomic analysis identifies the complex circuits of a visual motion-sensing neuron that qualify them to generate direction-selective motion sensing signals using both Hassenstein-Reichardt and Barlow-Levick models.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Axon injury triggers EFA-6 mediated destabilization of axonal microtubules via TACC and doublecortin like kinase

    Lizhen Chen et al.
    Severing axons in C. elegans reveals a mechanism by which the axons sense acute damage and respond by sequential remodeling of their microtubule cytoskeleton.

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