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    1. Cancer Biology

    Rejection of immunogenic tumor clones is limited by clonal fraction

    Ron S Gejman et al.
    A new, high-throughput in vivo MHC-I peptide minigene library platform shows that the naive immune system cannot eliminate cells presenting immunogenic antigens found at low frequencies within a growing tumor.
    1. Neuroscience

    An excitatory amacrine cell detects object motion and provides feature-selective input to ganglion cells in the mouse retina

    Tahnbee Kim et al.
    The mouse visual system is able to detect small moving objects due to the activity of VG3-amacrine cells, an unusual type of modulatory cell that uses the transmitter glutamate to activate retinal output cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Anaerobic Bacteria: Solving a shuttle mystery

    Bridget Conley, Jeffrey Gralnick
    Shewanella oneidensis bacteria use an abiotic reaction to help shuttle electrons outside of the cell.
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Brain Networks: Modeling breathing rhythms

    Jan-Marino Ramirez, Nathan A Baertsch
    Computational models are helping researchers to understand how certain properties of neurons contribute to respiratory rhythms.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Neuroscience: The tortoise and the hare revisited

    Natalia L Kononenko et al.
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    1. Neuroscience

    A predictive focus of gain modulation encodes target trajectories in insect vision

    Steven D Wiederman et al.
    Visual neurons in the dragonfly predict the path of a moving target, even when it is occluded or crosses from one eye to the other.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lamina-specific cortical dynamics in human visual and sensorimotor cortices

    James J Bonaiuto et al.
    Cortical oscillations in human MEG are lamina-specific, with low-frequency activity predominating in deep, and high-frequency activity in more superficial layers of sensory and motor cortices.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comparisons between the ON- and OFF-edge motion pathways in the Drosophila brain

    Kazunori Shinomiya et al.
    A complete connectome of the ON and OFF motion pathways of the Drosophila optic lobe is acquired using three-dimensional EM methods, and the similarities and differences of the two pathways are uncovered.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Flavodiiron proteins 1–to-4 function in versatile combinations in O2 photoreduction in cyanobacteria

    Anita Santana-Sanchez et al.
    In vivo evidence is provided indicating that Flv2/Flv4, together with Flv1/Flv3, mediate O2 photoreduction downstream of PSI in a highly coordinated manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Convergence of monosynaptic and polysynaptic sensory paths onto common motor outputs in a Drosophila feeding connectome

    Anton Miroschnikow et al.
    A parallel neuronal network architecture ensures control of basic feeding reflex circuits via integration of crossmodal sensory information to filter multiple biological events and enhance meaningful behavioral choice.