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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Akt-mTORC1 signaling regulates Acly to integrate metabolic input to control of macrophage activation

    Anthony J Covarrubias et al.
    Interleukin 4 signaling co-opts the Akt-mTORC1-Acly pathway to couple metabolic input to the control of energetically demanding processes during macrophage M2 activation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    ESCRT-III activation by parallel action of ESCRT-I/II and ESCRT-0/Bro1 during MVB biogenesis

    Shaogeng Tang et al.
    Building on previous work (Tang et al., 2015), novel ESCRT-III subunit Snf7 auto-activation mutants are used to reveal two parallel ubiquitin-dependent pathways during multivesicular endosome biogenesis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A hydrophobic gate in the inner pore helix is the major determinant of inactivation in mechanosensitive Piezo channels

    Wang Zheng et al.
    A functionally conserved inactivation gate in the inner helix of Piezo channels controls the majority of the inactivation process via a hydrophobic mechanism.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Distinct contributions of the thin and thick filaments to length-dependent activation in heart muscle

    Xuemeng Zhang et al.
    The Frank–Starling law of the heart and its underlying mechanism of length-dependent activation involve distinctive structural changes in both the thin and thick filaments of cardiac muscle cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase MLL4 is required for enhancer activation during cell differentiation

    Ji-Eun Lee et al.
    MLL4 (KMT2D) is a major mammalian H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase that is essential for enhancer activation, cell-type-specific gene expression, and cell differentiation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered gating of Kv1.4 in the nucleus accumbens suppresses motivation for reward

    Bernadette O'Donovan et al.
    Low effort-based motivation to pursue naturally rewarding stimuli can be increased pharmacologically, by targeting inactivation of a single voltage-gated potassium channel within the mesolimbic dopamine reward system.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cis-activation in the Notch signaling pathway

    Nagarajan Nandagopal et al.
    Activation of Notch receptors by ligands in the same cell (cis-activation) is a prevalent and functional mode of signaling in the Notch pathway, and co-exists with trans-activation and cis-inhibition.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Activation-triggered subunit exchange between CaMKII holoenzymes facilitates the spread of kinase activity

    Margaret Stratton et al.
    Activation of CaMKII holoenzymes triggers the exchange of subunits with other holoenzymes, including unactivated ones, enabling the calcium-independent phosphorylation and activation of new subunits.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Zygotic gene activation in the chicken occurs in two waves, the first involving only maternally derived genes

    Young Sun Hwang et al.
    In Aves, the first wave of transcription is derived exclusively from the maternal genome.