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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Epithelial magnesium transport by TRPM6 is essential for prenatal development and adult survival

    Vladimir Chubanov et al.
    Mice deficient in the TRPM6 channel suffer from impaired prenatal development, shortened lifespan, growth deficit and disturbed energy balance due to a defect in epithelial Mg2+ uptake, thus highlighting a pivotal role of TRPM6 in organismal Mg2+ homeostasis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Germ layer-specific regulation of cell polarity and adhesion gives insight into the evolution of mesoderm

    Miguel Salinas-Saavedra et al.
    The expression of 'bilaterian-mesodermal’ genes changes the epithelial properties of the endomesoderm during the embryogenesis of the cnidarian Nematostella vectensis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgM and IgD B cell receptors differentially respond to endogenous antigens and control B cell fate

    Mark Noviski et al.
    Self-reactive B cells downregulate the IgM but not the IgD B cell receptor, and this serves as a critical tolerance mechanism because IgD is less sensitive to bona fide endogenous antigens than IgM.
    1. Developmental Biology

    YAP is essential for mechanical force production and epithelial cell proliferation during lung branching morphogenesis

    Chuwen Lin et al.
    The control of local cell properties such as epithelial cell number and mechanical force production by Hippo signaling is a major determinant of lung branching.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    The angiopoietin-like protein ANGPTL4 catalyzes unfolding of the hydrolase domain in lipoprotein lipase and the endothelial membrane protein GPIHBP1 counteracts this unfolding

    Simon Mysling et al.
    Building on previous work (Mysling et al., 2016), it is shown that angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) inhibits lipoprotein lipase activity by catalyzing the unfolding of its hydrolase domain.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Speed and segmentation control mechanisms characterized in rhythmically-active circuits created from spinal neurons produced from genetically-tagged embryonic stem cells

    Matthew J Sternfeld et al.
    Stem cell derived ventral-spinal cord excitatory neurons self-assemble into a rhythmically bursting neural network whose speed and intercellular coordination are both instructively modulated by cell-type specific interactions with inhibitory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early intrinsic hyperexcitability does not contribute to motoneuron degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    Félix Leroy et al.
    Contrary to a long-standing hypothesis, the neuronal death that leads to muscle wastage in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis does not result from overactivity of those neurons during development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial flagellar capping proteins adopt diverse oligomeric states

    Sandra Postel et al.
    The first high-resolution structure of a bacterial flagellar cap protein, FliD, reveals new insights into the assembly of bacterial flagella.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cellular encoding of Cy dyes for single-molecule imaging

    Lilia Leisle et al.
    Cyanine fluorophores are encoded as non-canonical amino acids to produce functional proteins in cell-free translation systems and live cells for single-molecule imaging.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Interneuronal mechanisms of hippocampal theta oscillations in a full-scale model of the rodent CA1 circuit

    Marianne J Bezaire et al.
    Spontaneous theta oscillations and interneuron-specific phase preferences emerge spontaneously in a full-scale model of the isolated hippocampal CA1 subfield, corroborating and extending recent experimental findings.