6,104 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Actin dynamics tune the integrated stress response by regulating eukaryotic initiation factor 2α dephosphorylation

    Joseph E Chambers et al.
    Monomeric actin forms a crucial component of the eIF2α holophosphatase linking the integrated stress response to actin polymeric status.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sexually divergent expression of active and passive conditioned fear responses in rats

    Tina M Gruene et al.
    Female, but not male rats exhibit an active conditioned fear response, which challenges traditional approaches to measuring fear learning exclusively through freezing, and suggests that females use a more diverse set of threat strategies.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    C1 neurons are part of the circuitry that recruits active expiration in response to the activation of peripheral chemoreceptors

    Milene R Malheiros-Lima et al.
    An unbiased description reveals potential implications for understanding the developmental mechanisms that match respiratory supply and demand during hypoxia.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sex Differences: To freeze or not to freeze

    Debra Bangasser
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    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Dynamic density shaping of photokinetic E. coli

    Giacomo Frangipane et al.
    The concentration of motile bacteria, expressing a light-driven proton pump, can be precisely controlled in space and time by spatially modulating their swimming speeds with a structured light pattern.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    MHC-compatible bone marrow stromal/stem cells trigger fibrosis by activating host T cells in a scleroderma mouse model

    Yoko Ogawa et al.
    PDGFRα+ Sca-1+ bone marrow stromal/stem cells in whole bone marrow grafts can trigger the onset of autoimmune-related fibrosis in a mouse model of scleroderma.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Non-selective inhibition of inappropriate motor-tendencies during response-conflict by a fronto-subthalamic mechanism

    Jan R Wessel et al.
    Action-selection under response-conflict is buttressed by an inhibitory control signal from the basal ganglia that non-selectively suppresses motor excitability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reactive oxygen species regulate activity-dependent neuronal plasticity in Drosophila

    Matthew CW Oswald et al.
    Reactive oxygen species, previously considered damaging agents linked to pathology, are required for normal neuronal plasticity, including adjustment of synaptic terminal size, maintenance of synaptic physiology and adaptive behavioural responses.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Acute perturbation of Pet1-neuron activity in neonatal mice impairs cardiorespiratory homeostatic recovery

    Ryan T Dosumu-Johnson et al.
    Pet1 neurons actively maintain cardiorespiratory tone and dynamic range in mouse neonates and critically support the recovery response to apneas, informing brain findings in the sudden infant death syndrome.

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