1,164 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic basis for ecological adaptation of the Atlantic herring revealed by genome sequencing

    Alvaro Martinez Barrio et al.
    Whole genome sequencing of 19 populations of Atlantic and Baltic herring reveals hundreds of individual loci underlying adaptation to a low salinity niche or timing of reproduction.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Drought adaptation in Arabidopsis thaliana by extensive genetic loss-of-function

    J Grey Monroe et al.
    Gene knockouts provide valuable genetic fuel for climate adaptation in nature.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus relevance modulates contrast adaptation in visual cortex

    Andreas J Keller et al.
    Cortex dynamically regulates the flow of sensory information by suppressing responses of non-relevant stimuli through mechanisms of adaptation, while boosting sensory responses that are behaviorally important.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective attenuation of Ether-a-go-go related K+ currents by endogenous acetylcholine reduces spike-frequency adaptation and network correlation

    Edward D Cui, Ben W Strowbridge
    Acetylcholine, a common modulator in the brain, controls spike-frequency adaptation by specifically attenuating Ether-a-go-go related K+ currents, thereby explaining many cortical network statistical changes often observed in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shorter cortical adaptation in dyslexia is broadly distributed in the superior temporal lobe and includes the primary auditory cortex

    Sagi Jaffe-Dax et al.
    BOLD activity throughout the cortex, including auditory cortex and associative regions, reveals that adaptation is shorter in dyslexia.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic tuning of gene expression enables cellular adaptation in the absence of pre-existing regulatory circuitry

    Peter L Freddolino et al.
    Stochastic tuning of gene expression could be a common mechanism through which eukaryotic cells adapt to challenging external environments, potentially including survival of infectious organisms within the host and adaptation of cancer cells to chemotherapy.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Reduced signal for polygenic adaptation of height in UK Biobank

    Jeremy J Berg et al.
    Many prior signals of polygenic adaptation on human height do not replicate in the UK Biobank.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reduced auditory cortical adaptation in autism spectrum disorder

    Rachel Millin et al.
    Neural adaptation in auditory cortex is reduced in autism spectrum disorder, resulting in increased neural responsiveness.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unusual prism adaptation reveals how grasping is controlled

    Willemijn D Schot et al.
    Adapting single-digit movements in opposite directions makes people open their grip in accordance with the adaptations of the individual digits, showing that grip aperture arises from goal-directed movements of the digits rather than being controlled independently.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    DNA methylation in Arabidopsis has a genetic basis and shows evidence of local adaptation

    Manu J Dubin et al.
    The adaptation of Arabidopsis plants to the local environment is linked to DNA methylation.

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