1,938 results found
  1. October 2015

    Episode 24: October 2015

    In this episode we hear about Parkinson's Disease, depression, chickenpox, bats, beetles, and how small prey can escape larger predators.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Discovery and Translation of Cancer Immunology: A Special Issue

    Edited by Jeffrey Settleman et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of the immune response to cancer cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Manipulation of the human tRNA pool reveals distinct tRNA sets that act in cellular proliferation or cell cycle arrest

    Noa Aharon-Hefetz et al.
    Systematic CRISPR-based editing of tRNA genes revealed that different human cells that span a range of growth rates and different modes of proliferation states require diverse tRNA sets.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Coordinated crosstalk between microtubules and actin by a spectraplakin regulates lumen formation and branching

    Delia Ricolo, Sofia J Araujo
    Lumen formation by single epithelial cells depends on FGF-signalling-dependent expression of a spectraplakin, which can be functionally replaced by Tau.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Ancient DNA reveals the lost domestication history of South American camelids in Northern Chile and across the Andes

    Paloma Diaz-Maroto et al.
    aDNA revealed a model of domestication where an ancient guanaco population no longer exists, the loss of the ancient vicuña genetic variation in the modern populations, and frequently interbreeding practices.
    1. Cell Biology

    A nuclear-based quality control pathway for non-imported mitochondrial proteins

    Viplendra PS Shakya et al.
    During times of mitochondrial impairment, non-imported mitochondrial precursor proteins are targeted to the nucleus for proteasome-dependent degradation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    SUMO is a pervasive regulator of meiosis

    Nikhil R Bhagwat et al.
    Multi-dimensional global proteomics describes the SUMO-modified proteome during meiosis and reveals novel roles in regulating the key events of meiotic chromosome metabolism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Transient protein accumulation at the center of the T cell antigen-presenting cell interface drives efficient IL-2 secretion

    Danielle J Clark et al.
    A membrane-associated, supramolecular protein complex with dynamically changing components, the central supramolecular activation cluster, regulates the generation of the T cell effector cytokine IL-2 depending on its composition.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane characteristics tune activities of endosomal and autophagic human VPS34 complexes

    Yohei Ohashi et al.
    The lipid kinase VPS34 complexes I and II are both activated by unsaturation of substrate and non-substrate lipids, curvature, electrostatics and polyphosphoinositides, which play roles in localisation and cellular function.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A mammalian Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis controls the cytoskeleton and confers cellular properties required for alveologenesis

    Kuan Zhang et al.
    Regulation of cellular properties such as ligand secretion and migratory ability through changes in the cytoskeleton mediated by a Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis is a major determinant of alveolar formation.

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