1,831 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioral training promotes multiple adaptive processes following acute hearing loss

    Peter Keating et al.
    Training enables adult humans to rapidly adapt their sound localization abilities to unilateral hearing loss by combining different strategies that rely on partially distinct neurophysiological substrates.
    1. Neuroscience

    AMPK acts as a molecular trigger to coordinate glutamatergic signals and adaptive behaviours during acute starvation

    Moloud Ahmadi, Richard Roy
    AMP-activated protein kinase directly coordinates glutamatergic signalling during starvation in C. elegans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural encoding of task-dependent errors during adaptive learning

    Chang-Hao Kao et al.
    Posterior parietal cortex encodes errors in a task-dependent manner while a large array of frontal regions predict subsequent behavioral changes in response to ambiguous errors.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Developmental evolution of the forebrain in cavefish, from natural variations in neuropeptides to behavior

    Alexandre Alié et al.
    A comparative approach shows that developmental evolution of neuropeptidergic neuronal groups in the hypothalamus of blind cavefish drives adaptive behavioral evolution.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of adhesiveness as a social adaptation

    Thomas Garcia et al.
    Mathematical modeling supports a scenario where cell-cell adhesion gradually evolves through natural selection, leading to the emergence of cohesive aggregates in microbial populations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Phenotypic plasticity as an adaptation to a functional trade-off

    Xiao Yi, Antony M Dean
    A plastic behavior in Escherichia coli is enabled by a single amino acid replacement in adaption to changing environments.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience
    Silhouette of a zebra finch on a blue background.

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Neurogenomic insights into the behavioral and vocal development of the zebra finch

    Mark E Hauber et al.
    The genetic and behavioral diversity of the zebra finch, both in the wild and in captivity, make it well-suited for neuroethological studies of vocal learning, culture, and social bonding.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Gene regulation gravitates toward either addition or multiplication when combining the effects of two signals

    Eric M Sanford et al.
    When two signals increase transcription of the same gene, their combined effect tends to reflect either the sum of the individual increases or the product of the individual fold-changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vocal development in a Waddington landscape

    Yayoi Teramoto et al.
    An integrated landscape framework shows how the coordinated changes in vocal apparatus, muscles, nervous system, and social interaction together influence the trajectory of vocal development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human VMPFC encodes early signatures of confidence in perceptual decisions

    Sabina Gherman, Marios G. Philiastides
    Simultaneous EEG-fMRI reveals neural representations of decision confidence unfolding prior to explicit perceptual choices, in a region of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex typically linked to reward processing and value-based decisions.

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