115 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the adenosine A2A receptor coupled to an engineered heterotrimeric G protein

    Javier García-Nafría et al.
    The adenosine A2a receptor couples to the heterotrimeric G protein Gs using both conserved contacts seen in other complexes and, in addition, novel contacts to the beta subunit of the G protein.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Homo-oligomerization of the human adenosine A2A receptor is driven by the intrinsically disordered C-terminus

    Khanh Dinh Quoc Nguyen et al.
    The C-terminus of A2A receptor drives oligomer formation via an intricate network of disulfide bonds, hydrogen bonds, electrostatic interactions, and hydrophobic interactions, all of which are enhanced by depletion interactions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal adenosine A2A receptor neurons control active-period sleep via parvalbumin neurons in external globus pallidus

    Xiang-Shan Yuan et al.
    Rostral and central striatum controls slow-wave sleep during active phase in mice.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Immunosuppression via adenosine receptor activation by adenosine monophosphate released from apoptotic cells

    Hiroshi Yamaguchi et al.
    Apoptotic cells release molecules to recruit macrophages, but do not cause inflammation because they also secrete AMP that functions as a ‘calm down’ signal.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    GPCR signaling inhibits mTORC1 via PKA phosphorylation of Raptor

    Jenna L Jewell et al.
    Protein kinase A (PKA) phosphorylates Raptor and inhibits mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ligand modulation of sidechain dynamics in a wild-type human GPCR

    Lindsay D Clark et al.
    Generation of a highly deuterated 13C-methyl labeled wild-type GPCR sample is used to facilitate characterization of the molecular environments and fast ps-ns dynamics of sidechains when the receptor is bound to ligands of different efficacy.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Human primed ILCPs support endothelial activation through NF-κB signaling

    Giulia Vanoni et al.
    Circulating human primed innate lymphoid cell precursors have the potential to functionally induce adhesion molecules' expression in endothelial cells and possibly support the immune cells' infiltration into the tumor site.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of human Frizzled5 by fiducial-assisted cryo-EM supports a heterodimeric mechanism of canonical Wnt signaling

    Naotaka Tsutsumi et al.
    Cryo-EM structure of monomeric human Frizzled5 was determined with a universal fiducial antibody at 3.7 Å overall resolution, which supports a simple Fzd/LRP6 heterodimerization mechanism of canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Nanopore direct RNA sequencing maps the complexity of Arabidopsis mRNA processing and m6A modification

    Matthew T Parker et al.
    Sequencing mRNA directly with nanopores can reveal the authentic combinations of multiple mRNA processing events in full-length mRNA molecules in addition to identifying base modifications.
    1. Neuroscience

    One bout of neonatal inflammation impairs adult respiratory motor plasticity in male and female rats

    Austin D Hocker et al.
    A single neonatal inflammatory event induces long-term impairments in two forms of adult respiratory motor plasticity, an important aspect of the control of breathing for compensation after injury or disease.

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