142 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    G protein-regulated endocytic trafficking of adenylyl cyclase type 9

    André M Lazar et al.
    An adenylyl cyclase isoform is shown to dynamically traffic to endosomes after activation by G protein in mammalian cells, contributing to cellular cAMP signaling by internalized GPCRs.
    1. Cell Biology

    The complex of TRIP-Br1 and XIAP ubiquitinates and degrades multiple adenylyl cyclase isoforms

    Wenbao Hu et al.
    XIAP/TRIP-Br1-mediated degradation of multiple adenylyl cyclase isoforms is a previously unrecognised general mechanism for controlling adenylyl cyclase expression and the homeostasis of cAMP signalling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Stable G protein-effector complexes in striatal neurons: mechanism of assembly and role in neurotransmitter signaling

    Keqiang Xie et al.
    A G protein in striatal neurons forms preassembled complexes with its downstream enzyme, adenylyl cyclase, which has implications for the pathophysiology of movement disorders.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Spatially compartmentalized phase regulation of a Ca2+-cAMP-PKA oscillatory circuit

    Brian Tenner et al.
    Nanodomain clustering of cAMP effectors represents a novel mechanism of cAMP compartmentation within an oscillatory signaling circuit.
    1. Cell Biology

    Controlling fertilization and cAMP signaling in sperm by optogenetics

    Vera Jansen et al.
    Optogenetics is a non-invasive way to study cAMP signaling in sperm cells, which is able to control sperm motility and fertilization.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporally specific engagement of distinct neuronal circuits regulating olfactory habituation in Drosophila

    Ourania Semelidou et al.
    Habituation to brief olfactory stimulation is biphasic and mediated by distinct neuronal circuits where an initial latency phase is rapidly followed by stimulus devaluation signifying behavioral habituation in Drosophila.
    1. Cell Biology

    Nanobody-directed targeting of optogenetic tools to study signaling in the primary cilium

    Jan N Hansen et al.
    Trafficking of optogenetic tools to primary cilia using nanobodies allows to study cAMP signaling with spatial and temporal resolution independent of the cell body.
    1. Cell Biology

    Golgi localized β1-adrenergic receptors stimulate Golgi PI4P hydrolysis by PLCε to regulate cardiac hypertrophy

    Craig A Nash et al.
    β-adrenergic receptors at the Golgi apparatus activate a local signaling pathway, not accessed by cell surface receptors, to drive cardiac hypertrophy and could represent a target for heart failure therapy.
    1. Cell Biology

    Conformational specificity of opioid receptors is determined by subcellular location irrespective of agonist

    Stephanie E Crilly et al.
    A GPCR activated by the same agonist engages different conformational biosensors at different subcellular locations, suggesting that location-based conformations drive spatial encoding of signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    GIV/Girdin, a non-receptor modulator for Gαi/s, regulates spatiotemporal signaling during sperm capacitation and is required for male fertility

    Sequoyah Reynoso et al.
    Spermatozoa require GIV for specialized compartmentalized signaling to support efficient capacitation while inhibiting premature acrosome reaction.

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