29 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Adiponectin is essential for lipid homeostasis and survival under insulin deficiency and promotes β-cell regeneration

    Risheng Ye et al.
    Under insulinopenic conditions, the hormone adiponectin is essential for lipid uptake specifically in subcutaneous white adipose tissue, and is sufficient to ameliorate islet lipotoxicity.
    1. Cell Biology

    Native adiponectin in serum binds to mammalian cells expressing T-cadherin, but not AdipoRs or calreticulin

    Shunbun Kita et al.
    Binding study of native adiponectin existing in serum supported the importance of T-cadherin but not AdipoRs nor calreticulin.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Distinct cellular and molecular mechanisms for β3 adrenergic receptor-induced beige adipocyte formation

    Yuwei Jiang et al.
    The activation of beige adipocyte thermogenesis by cold temperatures and β3-adrenergic receptor agonists induce beige adipocyte formation, function and perdurance.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Longevity is impacted by growth hormone action during early postnatal period

    Liou Y Sun et al.
    Transient hormonal alterations during early critical developmental periods can have a crucial and long-lasting effect on lifespan in mice.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Human biallelic MFN2 mutations induce mitochondrial dysfunction, upper body adipose hyperplasia, and suppression of leptin expression

    Nuno Rocha et al.
    Specific human mitofusin 2 mutations induce selective upper body obesity with suppressed leptin expression and severe adipose mitochondrial dysfunction.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    PTRF/Cavin-1 promotes efficient ribosomal RNA transcription in response to metabolic challenges

    Libin Liu, Paul F Pilch
    PTRF (Cavin-1) mediates metabolism-regulated ribosomal transcription in mature adipocytes, independent of its role in caveolae formation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    AMPK signaling to acetyl-CoA carboxylase is required for fasting- and cold-induced appetite but not thermogenesis

    Sandra Galic et al.
    A single mutation in acetyl-CoA carboxylase blocking AMPK regulation inhibits food intake in mice in response to cold exposure or fasting causing them to lose weight.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Directing visceral white adipocyte precursors to a thermogenic adipocyte fate improves insulin sensitivity in obese mice

    Chelsea Hepler et al.
    Genetic inactivation of the transcription factor, Zfp423, in visceral white adipocyte precursors leads to the formation of thermogenic adipocytes in visceral fat depots and improves insulin sensitivity in obese mice.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Identification of the transcription factor ZEB1 as a central component of the adipogenic gene regulatory network

    Carine Gubelmann et al.
    A large-scale transcription factor screen reveals over twenty novel adipogenic regulators: most notably ZEB1, which exerts essential transcriptional control of fat cell differentiation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    A gene-expression screen identifies a non-toxic sumoylation inhibitor that mimics SUMO-less human LRH-1 in liver

    Miyuki Suzawa et al.
    The FDA-approved compound and plant extract tannic acid is a non-toxic chemical tool for modulating sumoylation in multiple platforms.

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