58 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Metformin alleviates stress-induced cellular senescence of aging human adipose stromal cells and the ensuing adipocyte dysfunction

    Laura Le Pelletier et al.
    Aging is associated with stress-induced senescence of adipose stromal cells, leading to impaired adipogenesis, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and insulin resistance, all being alleviated by metformin treatment of adipose stromal cells.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Contrasting effects of Western vs Mediterranean diets on monocyte inflammatory gene expression and social behavior in a primate model

    Corbin SC Johnson et al.
    Modern human diet patterns alter primate behavior and monocyte gene expression leading to monocyte polarization–experimental evidence of the evolutionary mismatch hypothesis.
    1. Cell Biology

    A bone-specific adipogenesis pathway in fat-free mice defines key origins and adaptations of bone marrow adipocytes with age and disease

    Xiao Zhang et al.
    A novel secondary adipogenesis pathway is defined that is unique to the bone marrow and is activated with age and in states of metabolic stress.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Adipocyte NR1D1 dictates adipose tissue expansion during obesity

    Ann Louise Hunter et al.
    Clock protein NR1D1 regulates white adipose tissue expansion and development of obesity-related pathology.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    EPHX1 mutations cause a lipoatrophic diabetes syndrome due to impaired epoxide hydrolysis and increased cellular senescence

    Jeremie Gautheron et al.
    Disruption of epoxide hydrolysis inducing oxidative stress and cellular senescence is a novel mechanism responsible for lipoatrophic monogenic diabetes.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Distinct skeletal stem cell types orchestrate long bone skeletogenesis

    Thomas H Ambrosi et al.
    Functional and molecular analyses of two distinct skeletal stem cell populations establish the important role of stem cell diversity that provides a framework for novel investigations into skeletal biology.
    1. Medicine

    Adipsin promotes bone marrow adiposity by priming mesenchymal stem cells

    Nicole Aaron et al.
    Adipsin, the oldest known adipokine, has a novel role as a a regulator of bone marrow fat and, consequently, overall bone health.
    1. Cell Biology

    Adiponectin preserves metabolic fitness during aging

    Na Li et al.
    Adiponectin is an essential regulator for healthspan and is indispensable for sustaining a normal lifespan.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A spontaneous genetically induced epiallele at a retrotransposon shapes host genome function

    Tessa M Bertozzi et al.
    A retrotransposon-derived recombination event in inbred mice gives rise to an epiallele and tissue-specific phenotypes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Transcriptional profiling of mouse peripheral nerves to the single-cell level to build a sciatic nerve ATlas (SNAT)

    Daniel Gerber et al.
    Establishing transcriptional profiles of nerve-inhabitant cells as resource to foster the fundamental understanding of peripheral nerves.

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