166 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Dynamic control of adipose tissue development and adult tissue homeostasis by platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha

    Sunhye Shin et al.
    Combined fate mapping and genetic deletion studies reveal that PDGFRα+ cells and PDGFRα gene itself are required for adipose tissue development but not for adult tissue homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Angiopoietin-2 in white adipose tissue improves metabolic homeostasis through enhanced angiogenesis

    Yu A An et al.
    Gain- and loss-of-function studies highlight the important role for angiopoietin-2 to maintain adipose tissue health during metabolic challenges.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    MicroRNAs of the miR-17~92 family maintain adipose tissue macrophage homeostasis by sustaining IL-10 expression

    Xiang Zhang et al.
    miR-17~92 family of miRNAs control the balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in adipose tissue macrophages, the absence of which leads to disturbed adipose homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Endothelial-specific FoxO1 depletion prevents obesity-related disorders by increasing vascular metabolism and growth

    Martina Rudnicki et al.
    Stimulation of endothelial glucose metabolism and vascular growth by genetic depletion of endothelial Foxo1 improves the whole-body response to a high-fat diet, by preserving adipose tissue functions and glucose homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
    1. Cell Biology

    SWELL1 regulates skeletal muscle cell size, intracellular signaling, adiposity and glucose metabolism

    Ashutosh Kumar et al.
    LRRC8A is an essential component of a mechanoresponsive ion channel signaling complex that tunes skeletal muscle differentiation, muscle cell size, function and metabolic pathways to regulate adiposity and systemic glycemia.
    1. Plant Biology

    The manifold actions of signaling peptides on subcellular dynamics of a receptor specify stomatal cell fate

    Xingyun Qi et al.
    A binary cell fate decision to be or not to be stomata is regulated by multiple peptide ligands, each triggering a unique subcellular dynamics of their shared receptor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Central Dicer-miR-103/107 controls developmental switch of POMC progenitors into NPY neurons and impacts glucose homeostasis

    Sophie Croizier et al.
    Loss miRNA maturation in proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons causes metabolic dysregulation and favors the differentiation of Pomc progenitors into neuropeptide Y neurons, a developmental process that appears to specifically involve miR-103/107.
    1. Neuroscience

    Arcuate nucleus and lateral hypothalamic CART neurons in the mouse brain exert opposing effects on energy expenditure

    Aitak Farzi et al.
    CART exerts differential metabolic effects in response to activation of neurons of the Arc, where CART suppresses energy expenditure, while it enforces the reward characteristics of the LHA.
    1. Cell Biology

    Membrane fluidity is regulated by the C. elegans transmembrane protein FLD-1 and its human homologs TLCD1/2

    Mario Ruiz et al.
    Inhibition of C. elegans FLD-1 or Human TLCD1/2 prevents saturated fat lipotoxicity by allowing increased levels of membrane phospholipids that contain fluidizing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids.

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