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    1. Cell Biology

    The quantitative architecture of centromeric chromatin

    Dani L Bodor et al.
    The number of CENP-A molecules at human centromeres helps to explain how this structure is built and epigenetically inherited.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Wolbachia cytoplasmic incompatibility enzyme CidB targets nuclear import and protamine-histone exchange factors

    John Frederick Beckmann et al.
    Genetic and proteomic screening with Wolbachia's CidB enzyme reveal the mechanisms and targets of cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI).
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Long-lived metabolic enzymes in the crystalline lens identified by pulse-labeling of mice and mass spectrometry

    Pan Liu et al.
    By performing 15N pulse-labeling of mice, the turnover of hundreds of proteins in eye tissues was measured by mass spectrometry that revealed long-lived metabolic enzymes in the lens.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A new view of transcriptome complexity and regulation through the lens of local splicing variations

    Jorge Vaquero-Garcia et al.
    New methods reveal that complex local splicing variations are more prevalent in animals than previously appreciated, and demonstrate that local splicing variations are relevant for studies of development, gene regulation and neurodegenerative diseases.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Reversible promoter methylation determines fluctuating expression of acute phase proteins

    Shi-Chao Zhang et al.
    DNA methylation status can be exploited to finely and reversibly tune the expression of highly inducible genes with CpG-poor promoters in response to environmental cues.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Silencing cryptic specialized metabolism in Streptomyces by the nucleoid-associated protein Lsr2

    Emma J Gehrke et al.
    In Streptomyces, the nucleoid-associated protein Lsr2 functions as a xenogenic silencer of foreign genes, and as a metabolic gatekeeper, repressing expression of both cryptic and well-studied specialized metabolic biosynthetic clusters.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Plasma membrane overgrowth causes fibrotic collagen accumulation and immune activation in Drosophila adipocytes

    Yiran Zang et al.
    Excess membrane can trap outgoing extracellular matrix proteins in secreting cells, leading to pericellular deposits that cause tissue damage.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Area-specific development of distinct projection neuron subclasses is regulated by postnatal epigenetic modifications

    Kawssar Harb et al.
    Lmo4 specifies two neuron subclasses in the mouse neocortex by promoting postnatal co-expression of the transcription factors Ctip2 and Satb2 via chromatin remodelling in a time and area-specific manner.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    5-hydroxymethylcytosine marks regions with reduced mutation frequency in human DNA

    Marketa Tomkova et al.
    Different types of epigenetic DNA modifications affect the likelihood of cytosine mutations in cancer.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Telomerase biogenesis requires a novel Mex67 function and a cytoplasmic association with the Sm7 complex

    Yulia Vasianovich et al.
    A new tool that allows specific subpopulations of telomerase RNAs in vivo forces a thorough revision of the telomerase maturation pathway and suggests a new function for Mex67.