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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) paralog dose governs T cell effector and regulatory functions

    Alejandro Villarino et al.
    Asymmetrical expression dictates functional dominance of one STAT5 paralog at cellular and tissue levels despite redundancy at molecular and genomic levels.
    1. Cell Biology

    The cell proliferation antigen Ki-67 organises heterochromatin

    Michal Sobecki et al.
    Antigen Ki-67, which is widely used as a cell proliferation marker, controls heterochromatin organisation and gene expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    v-SNARE transmembrane domains function as catalysts for vesicle fusion

    Madhurima Dhara et al.
    Structural flexibility of the synaptobrevin-2 transmembrane domain promotes membrane fusion.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    AAV-Txnip prolongs cone survival and vision in mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa

    Yunlu Xue et al.
    AAV-Txnip prolongs vision in mouse models of blindness, enhancing lactate catabolism, mitochondrial health, and ATP production in a condition that likely has a limited glucose supply.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    MITF reprograms the extracellular matrix and focal adhesion in melanoma

    Ramile Dilshat et al.
    Analysis of knockout and knockdown melanoma cells and TCGA melanoma data shows that the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) is a major repressor of extracellular matrix (ECM) and focal adhesion genes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Increased longevity due to sexual activity in mole-rats is associated with transcriptional changes in the HPA stress axis

    Arne Sahm et al.
    The fact that sexual activity/reproduction doubles the lifespan of certain rodent species is most likely linked to critical changes in the regulation of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal stress axis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Bedrock radioactivity influences the rate and spectrum of mutation

    Nathanaëlle Saclier et al.
    Subterranean isopods endemic to regions with large igneous rock formations have a higher mutation rate and display an excess of mutations that are typical of an oxidative stress.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cohesin mutations are synthetic lethal with stimulation of WNT signaling

    Chue Vin Chin et al.
    Hypersensitivity of cohesin-deficient cells to Wnt signaling is concomitant with beta catenin stabilization and offers promise that Wnt agonists could be therapeutically effective in cohesin mutant cancers.
    1. Cell Biology

    CB1R regulates soluble leptin receptor levels via CHOP, contributing to hepatic leptin resistance

    Adi Drori et al.
    The hepatic endocannabinoid/CB1R system controls the soluble leptin receptor’s expression and/or subsequent release by Trib3-induced regulation of C/EBP homologous protein levels in hepatocytes to affect leptin signaling in the liver.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Supervised mutational signatures for obesity and other tissue-specific etiological factors in cancer

    Bahman Afsari et al.
    A supervised methodology for mutational signatures outperforms the current standard unsupervised approach revealing new tissue-dependent mutational signatures among which some for obesity.