129 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Alterations in the amplitude and burst rate of beta oscillations impair reward-dependent motor learning in anxiety

    Sebastian Sporn et al.
    State anxiety alters the dynamics of beta oscillations during reward-dependent motor learning, thereby impairing proper updating of motor predictions when learning in unstable environments.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identification of novel, clinically correlated autoantigens in the monogenic autoimmune syndrome APS1 by proteome-wide PhIP-Seq

    Sara E Vazquez et al.
    Humans with mutations in the AIRE gene exhibit common autoantibodies targeting ovarian and intestinal antigens, including intestinal dysfunction-associated antibodies to enteroendocrine transcription factor RFX6.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single cell transcriptomics identifies a unique adipose lineage cell population that regulates bone marrow environment

    Leilei Zhong et al.
    A newly identified adipose lineage cell population, MALP, regulates marrow vasculature and osteogenesis in bone.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Chloride channels regulate differentiation and barrier functions of the mammalian airway

    Mu He et al.
    The chloride channel Ano1/Tmem16a plays an essential and non-redundant role in the developing airway by inhibiting mucus cell hyperplasia and promoting proper immune function of the airway mucosal barrier.
    1. Neuroscience

    Correcting for physical distortions in visual stimuli improves reproducibility in zebrafish neuroscience

    Timothy W Dunn, James E Fitzgerald
    Computational analyses quantitatively account for optical refraction at air-water interfaces to enable visual neuroscientists to present distortion-free stimuli to underwater animals.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumors attenuating the mitochondrial activity in T cells escape from PD-1 blockade therapy

    Alok Kumar et al.
    Downregulation of mitochondrial activity by immunosuppressive tumor-derived soluble factors leads to systemic unresponsiveness to the PD-1 blockade therapy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The membrane periodic skeleton is an actomyosin network that regulates axonal diameter and conduction

    Ana Rita Costa et al.
    The axonal cytoskeletal contains an actomyosin-II network that controls circumferential axonal contraction and expansion with the potential of regulating fluctuations in diameter during action potential firing, trafficking, and degeneration.
    1. Cell Biology

    Control of cell death/survival balance by the MET dependence receptor

    Leslie Duplaquet et al.
    MET acts as a dependence receptor in vivo by promoting hepatocyte apoptosis, a response induced by a caspase generated fragment able to favor calcium exchange between endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The Norway rat, from an obnoxious pest to a laboratory pet

    Klaudia Modlinska, Wojciech Pisula
    The rat is much more than a simple model, and a better appreciation of the natural history of wild rats would increase its value as a research organism.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Single cell transcriptional signatures of the human placenta in term and preterm parturition

    Roger Pique-Regi et al.
    Parturition gene regulation across multiple cell-types and placental compartments is deciphered at single cell resolution, highlighting the common role of the NFKB pathway in both term and preterm birth.

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