125 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Pull-push neuromodulation of cortical plasticity enables rapid bi-directional shifts in ocular dominance

    Su Hong et al.
    Neuromodulation of the expression of Hebbian plasticity enables rapid cortical sensory-induced remodeling in post-critical period adults, and can rescue deficits induced by prolonged sensory deprivation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Control of brown adipose tissue adaptation to nutrient stress by the activin receptor ALK7

    Patricia Marmol et al.
    The activin receptor ALK7 regulates the adaptation of brown adipose tissue to nutrient availability by preventing over-activation of signaling pathways induced by fasting, allowing appropriate response to cold exposure.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Synergistic and antagonistic drug interactions in the treatment of systemic fungal infections

    Morgan A Wambaugh et al.
    Identification and exploitation of interactions between the antifungal drug fluconazole and FDA- approved drugs has the potential to improve treatment for patients with difficult-to-treat systemic fungal infections.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Retromer subunit, VPS29, regulates synaptic transmission and is required for endolysosomal function in the aging brain

    Hui Ye et al.
    Vps29 promotes retromer localization in the adult Drosophila brain, engaging Rab7 and TBC1D5, and its loss triggers age-dependent neuronal impairments in endolysosomal trafficking and synaptic transmission.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Delta glutamate receptor conductance drives excitation of mouse dorsal raphe neurons

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    In mouse brain slices, native delta glutamate receptors carry ionic current and underlie the α1-adrenergic receptor-mediated depolarization of dorsal raphe neurons that drives action potential firing in vivo.
    1. Cell Biology

    β3-Adrenoceptor redistribution impairs NO/cGMP/PDE2 signalling in failing cardiomyocytes

    Sophie Schobesberger et al.
    β3-AR signalling via cGMP in cardiomyocytes is regulated via phosphodiesterase 2 and 5 degradation, it is potentially cardioprotective, but dysregulated in heart failure through signal redistribution and higher phosphodiesterase activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar modulation of synaptic input to freezing-related neurons in the periaqueductal gray

    Christopher E Vaaga et al.
    The mouse cerebellum regulates innate defensive neural circuitry by tonically controlling dopamine release in the periaqueductal gray, thereby modulating synaptic responses of the Chx10-positive neurons that generate freezing behavior.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    High-throughput, single-particle tracking reveals nested membrane domains that dictate KRasG12D diffusion and trafficking

    Yerim Lee et al.
    The nanoscopic landscape of the membrane has a direct impact on the spatiotemporal, and likely also the signaling, dynamics of Ras proteins.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Sphingosine 1-phosphate-regulated transcriptomes in heterogenous arterial and lymphatic endothelium of the aorta

    Eric Engelbrecht et al.
    The sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor-1 (S1PR1) signals in heterogenous populations of mouse adventitial lymphatic (LEC) and arterial endothelial cells (aEC1, aEC2) to regulate chromatin and the transcriptome, thus affecting their phenotypes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Distinct inactive conformations of the dopamine D2 and D3 receptors correspond to different extents of inverse agonism

    J Robert Lane et al.
    The occupation of a sub-pocket near the Na+-binding site in D2R by the Na+-insensitive antagonists is the structural basis for their greater inverse agonism than that of the Na+-sensitive ligands.

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