394 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Injury-induced perivascular niche supports alternative differentiation of adult rodent CNS progenitor cells

    Justyna Ulanska-Poutanen et al.
    Distinctive microenvironments within demyelinated white matter determine fate decisions of adult oligodendrocyte progenitor cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    CNS myelination and remyelination depend on fatty acid synthesis by oligodendrocytes

    Penelope Dimas et al.
    Endogenous synthesis of fatty acids by oligodendrocytes is essential for development and repair in the central nervous system.
    1. Developmental Biology

    tec-1 kinase negatively regulates regenerative neurogenesis in planarians

    Alexander Karge et al.
    RNAi screening in planarians finds that inhibition of the TEC-family protein tyrosine kinase tec-1 increases the regeneration of neurons through enhancement of cell survival.
    1. Neuroscience

    PTEN negatively regulates the cell lineage progression from NG2+ glial progenitor to oligodendrocyte via mTOR-independent signaling

    Estibaliz González-Fernández et al.
    OPC-specific genetic inhibition of Akt upstream and downstream molecules in the mouse, and simultaneous OPC fate analysis reveal that PTEN-AKT-GSK3b forms a persistent negative signaling pathway for OL development, in parallel with the AKT-mTORC1 pathway.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuronal sources of hedgehog modulate neurogenesis in the adult planarian brain

    Ko W Currie et al.
    Planarian brain neurons modulate their turnover by signaling to nearby stem cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-driven transcriptional changes in prefrontal cortex override genetic differences in social behavior

    Mar Gacias et al.
    Gut microbiota can influence mPFC transcriptional profiles and myelin content, overriding the impact of genetic background in the development of social avoidance behavior.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Enteric glia as a source of neural progenitors in adult zebrafish

    Sarah McCallum et al.
    Characterization of a novel population of enteric nervous system glial cells in zebrafish reveals their proliferative and neurogenic properties under homeostatic conditions in adults, properties difficult to model in mammals.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Toll-receptor map underlies structural brain plasticity

    Guiyi Li et al.
    Structural brain plasticity is encoded in the topographic distribution of Toll receptors and their ability to switch between alternative signalling outcomes, thus translating diverse sensory experience into structural change.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single cell transcriptome atlas of the Drosophila larval brain

    Clarisse Brunet Avalos et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomics identifies cellular composition of the first instar Drosophila brain and the response to starvation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Schwann cells, but not Oligodendrocytes, Depend Strictly on Dynamin 2 Function

    Daniel Gerber et al.
    In the peripheral nervous system, the large GTPase dynamin 2 is required for Schwann cell survival, developmental radial sorting of axons, myelination, and myelin maintenance.

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