305 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The role of microglia and their CX3CR1 signaling in adult neurogenesis in the olfactory bulb

    Ronen Reshef et al.
    During adult neurogenesis in the olfactory bulb, microglia regulate the elimination (pruning), formation, and maintenance of synapses on newborn neurons, contributing to the functional integrity of the olfactory bulb circuitry.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A functional model of adult dentate gyrus neurogenesis

    Olivia Gozel, Wulfram Gerstner
    The GABA input switching from excitatory to inhibitory during maturation of adult-born dentate granule cells is crucial for their integration into the preexisting circuit.
    1. Neuroscience

    Agrin-Lrp4-Ror2 signaling regulates adult hippocampal neurogenesis in mice

    Hongsheng Zhang et al.
    Enriched environment stimulates neuron generation in the hippocampus by a novel pathway involving Agrin, Lrp4, and Ror2.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    AAV ablates neurogenesis in the adult murine hippocampus

    Stephen Johnston et al.
    Future work using recombinant AAV as an experimental tool in the dentate gyrus or as a gene therapy for diseases of the central nervous system should be carefully evaluated.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Single-cell analysis of the ventricular-subventricular zone reveals signatures of dorsal and ventral adult neurogenesis

    Arantxa Cebrian-Silla et al.
    Adult neural stem cells differ in the types of neurons they generate according to their location and new territories and genes associated with dorsal and ventral neurogenic lineages in the adult mouse brain are revealed.
    1. Neuroscience

    Adult-born neurons facilitate olfactory bulb pattern separation during task engagement

    Wankun L Li et al.
    Adult-born neurons in the olfactory bulb allow state-dependent pattern separation of representations of similar odorants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Young adult born neurons enhance hippocampal dependent performance via influences on bilateral networks

    Jia-Min Zhuo et al.
    Adult neurogenesis, although happening at a slow rate in the adult brain, plays an important role in learning and memory and has the ability to powerfully modulate large scale neural networks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute stress enhances adult rat hippocampal neurogenesis and activation of newborn neurons via secreted astrocytic FGF2

    Elizabeth D Kirby et al.
    Exposing rats to acute stress increased the generation of new neurons in a subregion of the hippocampus, and improved the animals' performance in a memory task two weeks later.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal integration in the adult mouse olfactory bulb is a non-selective addition process

    Jean-Claude Platel et al.
    Adult neurogenesis in the olfactory bulb is not a turnover system but represents a lifelong neuronal addition mechanism.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuronal sources of hedgehog modulate neurogenesis in the adult planarian brain

    Ko W Currie et al.
    Planarian brain neurons modulate their turnover by signaling to nearby stem cells.

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