338 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Transsynaptic mapping of Drosophila mushroom body output neurons

    Kristin M Scaplen et al.
    Transsynaptic mapping of the postsynaptic connections of mushroom body output neurons reveal both divergent and convergent projections allowing for multimodal integration prior to initiation of an output response.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Fruitless mutant male mosquitoes gain attraction to human odor

    Nipun S Basrur et al.
    Engineering male mosquitoes lacking the fruitless gene induces them to be attracted to humans.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse brain transcriptome responses to inhaled nanoparticulate matter differed by sex and APOE in Nrf2-Nfkb interactions

    Amin Haghani et al.
    Transcriptome analysis of mouse brain revealed that the APOE4 allele and sex can alter air pollution neurotoxicity in adults.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Lineage does not regulate the sensory synaptic input of projection neurons in the mouse olfactory bulb

    Luis Sánchez-Guardado, Carlos Lois
    Sister projection neurons in the mammalian olfactory system do not share sensory synaptic input indicating that lineage-independent mechanisms regulate their synaptic connectivity with the olfactory sensory neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Notch signaling restricts FGF pathway activation in parapineal cells to promote their collective migration

    Lu Wei et al.
    Notch signaling controls the collective migration of parapineal cells through its capacity to restrict FGF pathway activation to a few leading cells.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Distinct mechanisms underlie oral vs aboral regeneration in the cnidarian Hydractinia echinata

    Brian Bradshaw et al.
    Stem cell migration underlies head regeneration in the cnidarian (jellies and their kin) Hydractinia, but the regeneration of other body parts is based on the gradual transformation of one tissue type into another.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Cryptochrome 2 mutation yields advanced sleep phase in humans

    Arisa Hirano et al.
    A missense mutation in the human Cryptochrome 2 (CRY2) gene leads to the condition of familial advanced sleep phase.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Initial elevations in glutamate and dopamine neurotransmission decline with age, as does exploratory behavior, in LRRK2 G2019S knock-in mice

    Mattia Volta et al.
    LRRK2 G2019S knock-in mice are a genetically faithful model that recapitulates the slow disease progression of familial PD, with initial alterations to behaviour and neurotransmission providing early pathophysiological targets for neuroprotective interventions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of the immune response to sciatic nerve injury identifies efferocytosis as a key mechanism of nerve debridement

    Ashley L Kalinski et al.
    In the injured sciatic nerve, blood-derived monocytes and macrophages eat dying leukocytes, thereby contributing to nerve debridement and inflammation resolution, and this correlates with neuronal regeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Developmental, cellular, and behavioral phenotypes in a mouse model of congenital hypoplasia of the dentate gyrus

    Amir Rattner et al.
    A mouse mutant in which nearly all dentate gyrus granule cells fail to develop provides a new window on the role of the dentate gyrus in spatial learning and memory.

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