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    1. Neuroscience

    Whole brain delivery of an instability-prone Mecp2 transgene improves behavioral and molecular pathological defects in mouse models of Rett syndrome

    Mirko Luoni et al.
    Global brain transduction of the instability-prone Mecp2 transgene by systemic AAV-PHP.eB administration is safe and effective in protecting male and female Mecp2 mutant mice from the Rett syndrome disease phenotype.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of the immune response to sciatic nerve injury identifies efferocytosis as a key mechanism of nerve debridement

    Ashley L Kalinski et al.
    In the injured sciatic nerve, blood-derived monocytes and macrophages eat dying leukocytes, thereby contributing to nerve debridement and inflammation resolution, and this correlates with neuronal regeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Developmental, cellular, and behavioral phenotypes in a mouse model of congenital hypoplasia of the dentate gyrus

    Amir Rattner et al.
    A mouse mutant in which nearly all dentate gyrus granule cells fail to develop provides a new window on the role of the dentate gyrus in spatial learning and memory.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Thalamo-cortical axons regulate the radial dispersion of neocortical GABAergic interneurons

    Sabrina Zechel et al.
    Glutamate derived from thalamo-cortical axons regulates the radial dispersion of interneurons in the developing mouse neocortex by limiting the level of expression of the K/Cl co-transporter KCC2.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Stimulation of hair follicle stem cell proliferation through an IL-1 dependent activation of γδT-cells

    Pedro Lee et al.
    Wounded epidermal keratinocytes emit a signal that activates a specialized T-cell in the skin, leading to an increase in hair follicle stem cell numbers that contributes to tissue repair.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inducible and reversible phenotypes in a novel mouse model of Friedreich’s Ataxia

    Vijayendran Chandran et al.
    Restoration of endogenous frataxin levels reverses neurologic and cardiac phenotypes associated with Friedreich's ataxia in adult mice even after significant motor dysfunction.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NOVA-dependent regulation of cryptic NMD exons controls synaptic protein levels after seizure

    Taesun Eom et al.
    The HITS-CLIP sequencing method is used to demonstrate that cryptic exons can detect messenger RNA that contains nonsense mutations, and then cause this RNA to decay, which shows that these exons are involved in maintaining the electrical balance of neurons and, possibly, preventing epilepsy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anillin facilitates septin assembly to prevent pathological outfoldings of central nervous system myelin

    Michelle S Erwig et al.
    Mature myelin sheaths are scaffolded by the anillin-dependent assembly of septin filaments, thereby facilitating rapid nerve conduction in the healthy CNS.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric inhibition of a stem cell RNA-binding protein by an intermediary metabolite

    Carina C Clingman et al.
    The RNA-binding protein MSI1, which is required for stem cell and cancer cell proliferation in the brain and epithelial tissues, also directly senses the concentration of long non-esterified omega-9 fatty acids.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generation of inner ear hair cells by direct lineage conversion of primary somatic cells

    Louise Menendez et al.
    Direct reprogramming of somatic cells to an inner ear sensory hair cell-like state provides an experimental platform to identify causes and treatments for hair cell loss and hearing deficits.