139 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Adult-born granule cells mature through two functionally distinct states

    János Brunner et al.
    3-10 weeks old adult-born granule cells provide two temporally overlapping but functionally distinct neuronal cell populations by being sensitive to distinct aspects of their inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Opposite regulation of inhibition by adult-born granule cells during implicit versus explicit olfactory learning

    Nathalie Mandairon et al.
    While both implicit and explicit learning augment neurogenesis, adult-born cells differ in their morphology, functional coupling and inhibitory action impacting differentially the olfactory bulb output.
    1. Neuroscience

    Silent synapses generate sparse and orthogonal action potential firing in adult-born hippocampal granule cells

    Liyi Li et al.
    Young neurons of the adult hippocampus are synaptically activated by a small group of non-overlapping afferent excitatory fibers, due to high synaptic gain and sparse connectivity, important for sparse and orthogonal coding during hippocampal information processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Semaphorin 5A inhibits synaptogenesis in early postnatal- and adult-born hippocampal dentate granule cells

    Yuntao Duan et al.
    Mice that lack the autism susceptibility gene Semaphorin 5A show excess excitatory synapse formation in dentate granule neurons and also altered social behavior, adding to evidence that a surplus of synapses contributes to the behavioral changes observed in autism spectrum disorders.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    T2N as a new tool for robust electrophysiological modeling demonstrated for mature and adult-born dentate granule cells

    Marcel Beining et al.
    T2N, a novel interface between Matlab, TREES toolbox and NEURON, was used to generate compartmental models that reproduce the electrophysiology of dentate granule cells over a multitude of species, experimental conditions and developmental stages.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglial depletion disrupts normal functional development of adult-born neurons in the olfactory bulb

    Jenelle Wallace et al.
    Adult-born neurons in the olfactory bulb that develop in the absence of microglia have a higher density of small spines but weaker excitatory inputs and reduced responses to sensory stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Young adult born neurons enhance hippocampal dependent performance via influences on bilateral networks

    Jia-Min Zhuo et al.
    Adult neurogenesis, although happening at a slow rate in the adult brain, plays an important role in learning and memory and has the ability to powerfully modulate large scale neural networks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles of NMDA receptors at different stages of granule cell development in the adult brain

    Yangling Mu et al.
    NMDARs promote spine formation to control survival of adult-born granule cells, but gauge spine enlargement and recruitment of AMPARs in both developing and mature neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuroscience: What's new is older

    Lara M Rangel, Howard Eichenbaum
    Insight
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