980 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Reverse translation of adverse event reports paves the way for de-risking preclinical off-targets

    Mateusz Maciejewski et al.
    Careful analysis of adverse drug reaction reports reveals noise and biases embedded in this data and allows for systematic mitigation of these effects to produce much more robust understanding of side effects of marketed drugs.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Adverse Drug Reactions: The benefits of data mining

    Audrey Bone, Keith Houck
    Careful analysis of a database populated by physicians and patients sheds new light on the side effects of drugs.
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  1. Point of View: Unbridle biomedical research from the laboratory cage

    Garet P Lahvis
    Recent advances in technology now make it possible to carry out biomedical research on animals living in the wild, or captive animals living in naturalistic conditions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
  2. Point of View: How should novelty be valued in science?

    Barak A Cohen
    An over-emphasis on novelty is having detrimental effects on science.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Virus Evolution: A new twist in measuring mutation rates

    Bartram L Smith, Claus O Wilke
    The influenza virus mutates faster than we previously thought.
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Science Forum: RIPOSTE: a framework for improving the design and analysis of laboratory-based research

    Nicholas GD Masca et al.
    The RIPOSTE framework has been developed to support early and regular discussions between scientists and statisticians in order to improve the design, conduct and analysis of laboratory studies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attenuation of dopamine-modulated prefrontal value signals underlies probabilistic reward learning deficits in old age

    Lieke de Boer et al.
    Attenuated anticipatory activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex is modulated by dopamine D1 receptor density in nucleus accumbens, and accounts for impaired probabilistic reward learning in older adults.

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