587 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Role of framework mutations and antibody flexibility in the evolution of broadly neutralizing antibodies

    Victor Ovchinnikov et al.
    Computer simulations of the evolution of broadly neutralizing antibodies against HIV suggest that non-traditional pathways involving framework mutations which lead initially to increased antibody flexibility do occur, but can be avoided by appropriate vaccine design.
    1. Ecology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Peromyscus mice as a model for studying natural variation

    Nicole L Bedford, Hopi E Hoekstra
    The deer mouse (Peromyscus) has emerged as a model system for studying many aspects of biology, supported by extensive historical knowledge of its fascinating and varied natural history.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    O-GlcNAc on NOTCH1 EGF repeats regulates ligand-induced Notch signaling and vascular development in mammals

    Shogo Sawaguchi et al.
    The transfer of O-GlcNAc by EOGT to specific EGF repeats of NOTCH1 promotes DLL4 binding, Notch signaling, and retinal vascular development.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcription factor clusters regulate genes in eukaryotic cells

    Adam JM Wollman et al.
    Transcription factors form clusters independently of the presence of DNA, which regulate target genes as opposed to individual monomers, addressing a longstanding question of how transcription factors can find gene targets so quickly.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of ribosomal peptide macrocyclization in plants

    Joel Haywood et al.
    The first crystal structure of an active plant asparaginyl endopeptidase reveals a tetrahedral intermediate state in its active site, which may help to explain why these enzymes have been independently recruited to perform peptide macrocyclization.
    1. Cell Biology

    The fibronectin synergy site re-enforces cell adhesion and mediates a crosstalk between integrin classes

    Maria Benito-Jardón et al.
    The fibronectin synergy site is only required in vivo when forces exceed or αvβ3 integrin levels fall below certain thresholds.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Origin and evolution of the nuclear auxin response system

    Sumanth K Mutte et al.
    The system that controls gene expression by the plant signaling molecule auxin has deep evolutionary roots, and stepwise increases in system complexity shaped the highly diverse auxin response in land plants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Molecular mechanism to target the endosomal Mon1-Ccz1 GEF complex to the pre-autophagosomal structure

    Jieqiong Gao et al.
    The endosomal GEF Mon1-Ccz1 binds to Atg8 on autophagosomes, and recruits its substrate, the Rab7-like Ypt7, which then mediates fusion of the autophagosomes with the lysosome.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Hsp70-associated chaperones have a critical role in buffering protein production costs

    Zoltán Farkas et al.
    Protein biosynthesis and protein quality control jointly determine protein production costs.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Intrinsically disordered linkers determine the interplay between phase separation and gelation in multivalent proteins

    Tyler S Harmon et al.
    Computational modeling and theoretical analysis reveal how disordered linkers determine whether linear multivalent proteins undergo gelation with or without phase separation.

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