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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sex difference in pathology of the ageing gut mediates the greater response of female lifespan to dietary restriction

    Jennifer C Regan et al.
    In the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, stem cell activity ages female guts but not male guts; furthermore, males with feminized guts develop pathologies but gain an increase in lifespan through dietary restriction.
    1. Cell Biology

    Age-dependent deterioration of nuclear pore assembly in mitotic cells decreases transport dynamics

    Irina L Rempel et al.
    In replicative ageing yeast cells, an age-dependent impediment in proper assembly of nuclear pore complexes is associated with altered nuclear transport.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Examining kinesin processivity within a general gating framework

    Johan OL Andreasson et al.
    A general framework for gating reveals that inter-head tension is not essential for coordinating kinesin stepping, and that neck-linker length is tuned to enhance processivity and velocity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Structural mechanism of ligand activation in human calcium-sensing receptor

    Yong Geng et al.
    L-amino acids are agonists of calcium-sensing receptor, and act jointly with calcium and phosphate ions to control receptor function.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    An expanded toolkit for gene tagging based on MiMIC and scarless CRISPR tagging in Drosophila

    David Li-Kroeger et al.
    New technology for manipulating genes in Drosophila facilitates gene tagging and precise modification of virtually any gene.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A Non-stop identity complex (NIC) supervises enterocyte identity and protects from premature aging

    Neta Erez et al.
    A nuclear Non-stop identity complex (NIC) supervises enterocyte (EC) identity, preserves tissue homeostasis, and prevents premature aging by maintaining EC-specific gene expression, silencing non-relevant programs, and safeguarding large-scale nuclear organization.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Ageing compromises mouse thymus function and remodels epithelial cell differentiation

    Jeanette Baran-Gale et al.
    Thymus ageing is characterised by both compositional and transcriptional shifts amongst epithelial cells that perturb their differentiation, contribute to organ atrophy and ultimately impair immune function.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Proteomic and transcriptomic profiling reveal different aspects of aging in the kidney

    Yuka Takemon et al.
    mRNA profiling alone provides an incomplete picture of molecular aging and examination of changes in proteins is essential to understand aging processes that are not transcriptionally regulated.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Failures of nerve regeneration caused by aging or chronic denervation are rescued by restoring Schwann cell c-Jun

    Laura J Wagstaff et al.
    In vivo experiments on transgenic mice, and cell culture studies, establish Schwann cell c-Jun as a central regulator of peripheral nerve repair, and repair failure, during aging and chronic denervation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Boosting ATM activity alleviates aging and extends lifespan in a mouse model of progeria

    Minxian Qian et al.
    The ATM-SIRT6 axis integrates the DNA repair machinery to longevity-promoting pathways.