483 results found
    1. Ecology

    Increasing plant diversity with border crops reduces insecticide use and increases crop yield in urban agriculture

    Nian-Feng Wan et al.
    Plant diversification can make an important contribution to ecological intensification and the sustainable use of associated ecosystem services in an urban ecosystem.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolutionary transitions between beneficial and phytopathogenic Rhodococcus challenge disease management

    Elizabeth A Savory et al.
    The horizontal acquisition of virulence plasmids is potentiated by production practices in plant nurseries and is sufficient to transition Rhodococcus from being beneficial to being pathogenic.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global landscape of phenazine biosynthesis and biodegradation reveals species-specific colonization patterns in agricultural soils and crop microbiomes

    Daniel Dar et al.
    Computational approach quantifies the abundance of phenazine-antibiotic producing and biodegrading bacteria in diverse soil and plant-associated habitats.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics
    Maize illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Genetic, evolutionary and plant breeding insights from the domestication of maize

    Sarah Hake, Jeffrey Ross-Ibarra
    Comparing maize to its wild ancestor teosinte advances our understanding of how it and other cereal crops evolved, and also identifies the genetic variation that can contribute to important agricultural traits.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Pilot study of large-scale production of mutant pigs by ENU mutagenesis

    Tang Hai et al.
    ENU mutagenesis in pigs is an efficient strategy to introduce mutations at the whole-genome level and mutants have been generated on a large scale for agricultural production and biomedical research.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    CD163 and pAPN double-knockout pigs are resistant to PRRSV and TGEV and exhibit decreased susceptibility to PDCoV while maintaining normal production performance

    Kui Xu et al.
    The double-gene-knockout pig is a valuable model to help understand the mechanisms of CD163 and pAPN in the infection of multiple viruses and offers excellent breeding materials for disease-resistant pigs.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Host genetic selection for cold tolerance shapes microbiome composition and modulates its response to temperature

    Fotini Kokou et al.
    Microbiome and transcriptomic profiling of genetically selected tropical fish with high and low tolerance to cold exposure revealed host control over microbiome composition and response to temperature changes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genome of the Hi5 germ cell line from Trichoplusia ni, an agricultural pest and novel model for small RNA biology

    Yu Fu et al.
    The genome sequence of Trichoplusia ni enables the use of this widespread lepidopteran pest as a model for both the study of small RNA pathways and insecticide resistance.
    1. Ecology

    Rarity is a more reliable indicator of land-use impacts on soil invertebrate communities than other diversity metrics

    Andrew Dopheide et al.
    Rarity metrics reveal pervasive negative impacts of agricultural land use on soil invertebrate communities, whereas widely-used richness and diversity metrics underestimate the magnitude of these impacts.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Global mapping of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and H5Nx clade 2.3.4.4 viruses with spatial cross-validation

    Madhur S Dhingra et al.
    The global suitability for avian flu H5N1 in poultry is predicted and spatially cross-validated, highlighting areas where the disease can spread in the absence of prevention and control, and represent a public health threat.

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