1,586 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Jagged and Delta-like ligands control distinct events during airway progenitor cell differentiation

    Maria R Stupnikov et al.
    Notch ligands from the Delta and Jagged families have distinct roles in epithelial progenitor cell fate of extrapulmonary and intrapulmonary airways and differentially restrict expansion of the neuroendocrine microenvironment.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Chloride channels regulate differentiation and barrier functions of the mammalian airway

    Mu He et al.
    The chloride channel Ano1/Tmem16a plays an essential and non-redundant role in the developing airway by inhibiting mucus cell hyperplasia and promoting proper immune function of the airway mucosal barrier.
    1. Cell Biology

    A novel isoform of MAP4 organises the paraxial microtubule array required for muscle cell differentiation

    Binyam Mogessie et al.
    oMAP4 is a microtubule crosslinker that restricts motor driven microtubule motility and cooperates with microtubule motors in the establishment of paraxial microtubule arrangements in differentiating muscle cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    SOX21 modulates SOX2-initiated differentiation of epithelial cells in the extrapulmonary airways

    Evelien Eenjes et al.
    The balance between SOX2 and SOX21 is evolutionary conserved and is important for cell fate decision during lung epithelium development and repair after damage.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Club cells form lung adenocarcinomas and maintain the alveoli of adult mice

    Magda Spella et al.
    Airway cells are required for the maintenance of the adult mouse lung and for carcinogen-induced lung adenocarcinoma development, and are thus marked therapeutic targets.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    PI3K/Akt1 signalling specifies foregut precursors by generating regionalized extra-cellular matrix

    S Nahuel Villegas et al.
    A signalling cascade involving PI3K/Akt1 remodels the extra-cellular matrix to achieve atypical cellular responses and control cell fate specification within the embryonic endoderm.
    1. Neuroscience

    Localized hypoxia within the subgranular zone determines the early survival of newborn hippocampal granule cells

    Christina Chatzi et al.
    Neural progenitors reside in relative low oxygen in the subgranular zone (SGZ), and the higher tissue oxygen levels that these cells must face as they migrate away from the hypoxic areas and differentiate appear to cause oxidative damage and an early phase of cell death.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    In vitro generation of human pluripotent stem cell derived lung organoids

    Briana R Dye et al.
    Directed differentiation of stem cells can generate ventral-anterior foregut spheroids that can expand into three-dimensional lung organoids with striking structural, cellular and molecular similarities to the human fetal lung.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    CNTN5-/+or EHMT2-/+human iPSC-derived neurons from individuals with autism develop hyperactive neuronal networks

    Eric Deneault et al.
    Autism-associated iPSC-derived neurons mutant in CNTN5 or EHMT2 are hyperactive.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A bioengineered niche promotes in vivo engraftment and maturation of pluripotent stem cell derived human lung organoids

    Briana R Dye et al.
    Building on previous work (Dye et al., 2015) showing that pluripotent stem cell derived lung organoids were immature/fetal, the current study shows that in vivo transplantation leads to mature tissue, reminiscent of adult airways.

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