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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    IFN-λ prevents influenza virus spread from the upper airways to the lungs and limits virus transmission

    Jonas Klinkhammer et al.
    Interferon-λ plays a decisive and previously underestimated role in limiting the spread of respiratory viruses from the nasal cavity to the lungs and it efficiently restricts virus transmission from infected individuals to naïve contacts.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Biofilms: Take my breath away

    Vinai C Thomas, Paul D Fey
    A lack of oxygen activates a pathway that causes the bacterial cell wall to break down, which, in turn, aids bacterial biofilm development.
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Development: Computing away the magic?

    Michael Levine
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Reproduction: What is a placental mammal anyway?

    Patrick Abbot, John A Capra
    Many developmental functions in marsupials and eutherian mammals are accomplished by different tissues, but similar genes.
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  1. Point of View: The future of graduate and postdoctoral training in the biosciences

    Peter Hitchcock et al.
    What can institutions and funding agencies do to address an array of issues facing the biomedical research community in the United States?
    1. Neuroscience

    A large fraction of neocortical myelin ensheathes axons of local inhibitory neurons

    Kristina D Micheva et al.
    Parvalbumin-positive inhibitory neurons in the cortex have insulating myelin sheathes, despite forming only short-range connections.
  2. Living Science: Power analysis

    Indira M Raman
    After acknowledging that power differentials exist, can scientists find inspiration to persevere anyway?
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensitivity to image recurrence across eye-movement-like image transitions through local serial inhibition in the retina

    Vidhyasankar Krishnamoorthy et al.
    The encoding of visual images by certain retinal ganglion cells is fundamentally altered in the context of eye-movement-like image transitions; the transitions trigger inhibitory interactions, which make these cells particularly sensitive to recurring images.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Molecular architecture underlying fluid absorption by the developing inner ear

    Keiji Honda et al.
    Genome-wide RNA-seq analysis of single cells of the developing mouse endolymphatic sac reveals its molecular-cellular architecture and a model for salt and fluid absorption required for acquisition of normal inner ear structure and function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Area 2 of primary somatosensory cortex encodes kinematics of the whole arm

    Raeed H Chowdhury et al.
    Area 2 of somatosensory cortex represents kinematic details of the entire arm during movement, but this mapping from limb state to neural activity differs for reaching and passive limb displacement.