583 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    mTORC1 in the orbitofrontal cortex promotes habitual alcohol seeking

    Nadege Morisot et al.
    In the orbitofrontal cortex, mTORC1, a multiprotein complex centered around the kinase mTOR, contributes to the development and/or maintenance of habitual alcohol seeking.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among individuals with a family history of alcohol use disorders

    Jan Sundquist et al.
    A Swedish national cohort study reveals that children with a family history of alcohol use disorders have an increased risk of autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circuits that encode and guide alcohol-associated preference

    Kristin M Scaplen et al.
    Alcohol modifies dopaminergic microcircuits required for acquisition and expression of sensory memories in Drosophila resulting in a shift in behavioral response from malleable to inflexible.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Approaching boiling point stability of an alcohol dehydrogenase through computationally-guided enzyme engineering

    Friso S Aalbers et al.
    By combining structure-based computational predictions and a thorough structural analysis, a highly thermostable enzyme, alcohol dehydrogenase, has been engineered.
    1. Neuroscience

    ERG-28 controls BK channel trafficking in the ER to regulate synaptic function and alcohol response in C. elegans

    Kelly H Oh et al.
    An endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein regulates synaptic transmission, alcohol sensitivity, and gene expression by controlling the trafficking of a calcium-activated potassium channel.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Evidence for loss and reacquisition of alcoholic fermentation in a fructophilic yeast lineage

    Carla Gonçalves et al.
    Comparative genomics coupled with genetic and biochemical studies show that central carbon metabolism in fungi can be remodeled by genes originating from bacteria.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute cerebellar knockdown of Sgce reproduces salient features of myoclonus-dystonia (DYT11) in mice

    Samantha Washburn et al.
    Acute knock down of Sgce that is mutated in Myoclonus Dystonia (DYT11), in the cerebellum of mice, leads to dystonia and myoclonus-like motor signs that like patients improve with alcohol.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Obesity-linked suppression of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7) drives non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Robert N Helsley et al.
    Loss of function of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7), but not transmembrane channel-like 4 (TMC4), promotes hepatic steatosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Predicting development of adolescent drinking behaviour from whole brain structure at 14 years of age

    Simone Kühn et al.
    Trajectories of adolescent drinking behavior between age 14 and 19 years can be predicted from bilateral striatal and cerebellar grey matter at 14 years of age.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Dynamic repression by BCL6 controls the genome-wide liver response to fasting and steatosis

    Meredith A Sommars et al.
    B cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6) represses fasting gene expression by opposing peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARa) activity at enhancers, and its ablation protects against steatosis by enhancing fatty acid catabolism.

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