3,000 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Decreased recent adaptation at human mendelian disease genes as a possible consequence of interference between advantageous and deleterious variants

    Chenlu Di et al.
    Harmful genetic variants at mendelian disease genes slow down adaptation, by interfering with the spread of adaptive variants in a population.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Multiscale analysis reveals that diet-dependent midgut plasticity emerges from alterations in both stem cell niche coupling and enterocyte size

    Alessandro Bonfini et al.
    The nutrient composition of food alters both the size of gut epithelial cells and the ability of the stem cell niche to control tissue turnover, resulting in changes in size at the organ level.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Par3 cooperates with Sanpodo for the assembly of Notch clusters following asymmetric division of Drosophila sensory organ precursor cells

    Elise Houssin et al.
    Baz/Par3 and Sanpdo are required for clustering and activation of Notch receptors to allow intra-lineage private communication following asymmetric division of Drosophila epithelial cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    An XRCC4 mutant mouse, a model for human X4 syndrome, reveals interplays with Xlf, PAXX, and ATM in lymphoid development

    Benoit Roch et al.
    A viable separation of function XRCC4 knock-in mutant mouse model recapitulates some aspects of XRCC4 deficiency in humans, notably the absence of immune deficiency.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPM7 is critical for short-term synaptic depression by regulating synaptic vesicle endocytosis

    Zhong-Jiao Jiang et al.
    Electrophysiological and live-cell imaging analyses identify a presynaptic function of Ca2+ influx via transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) channels.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Gut bacterial aggregates as living gels

    Brandon H Schlomann, Raghuveer Parthasarathy
    A theory of gut bacterial aggregation produces a cluster size distribution that matches that of several strains observed in zebrafish, suggesting principles generally applicable to the vertebrate gut.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The transcription factor Xrp1 is required for PERK-mediated antioxidant gene induction in Drosophila

    Brian Brown et al.
    The transcription factor Xrp1 mediates a previously unrecognized branch of stress-response signaling, specifically as a downstream effector of eIF2alpha kinases.
    1. Neuroscience

    ASIC1a is required for neuronal activation via low-intensity ultrasound stimulation in mouse brain

    Jormay Lim et al.
    Mouse brain neurons response to transcranial ultrasound at the energy level of 5 mW/cm2 and repeated stimulations lead to neurogenesis while ASIC1a is required both in vitro and in vivo as one of the mechanoreceptors.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Utility of polygenic embryo screening for disease depends on the selection strategy

    Todd Lencz et al.
    Preimplantation screening of embryos using polygenic risk scores may substantially reduce risk for a given complex disease, but this effect depends on several quantifiable factors and raises significant ethical issues.

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