21 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The whale shark genome reveals patterns of vertebrate gene family evolution

    Milton Tan et al.
    The new whale shark genome assembly represents the best gapless chondrichthyan genome assembly yet, and comparative genomic analyses provide insights into the evolution of vertebrate genome origins, immunity, and gigantism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Immune genes are hotspots of shared positive selection across birds and mammals

    Allison J Shultz, Timothy B Sackton
    Pathogens, particularly viruses, target the same genes over deep evolutionary time, resulting in shared signatures of positive selection and transcriptional responses at the same genes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Endomembrane targeting of human OAS1 p46 augments antiviral activity

    Frank W Soveg et al.
    Prenylation of human oligoadenylate synthetase 1 isoform p46 mediates endomembrane targeting and increases its antiviral activity against positive-strand RNA viruses that utilize the host endomembrane system for replication.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The developmental relationship between teeth and dermal odontodes in the most primitive bony fish Lophosteus

    Donglei Chen et al.
    Teeth and dermal odontodes diverge from the same set of founder odontodes, demonstrating they are modified subsets of the same system, and both oral and dermal epithelial have patterning capacity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Cilia-mediated Hedgehog signaling controls form and function in the mammalian larynx

    Jacqueline M Tabler et al.
    Genetic studies in mice reveal the molecular and embryological mechanisms of vocal fold development and function, thereby informing our understanding of vocal communication and congenital voice defects.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Capturing change in clonal composition amongst single mouse germinal centers

    Daniel J Firl et al.
    Repeated interrogation of single germinal centers in vivo reveals a more fluid landscape than expected and unlocks new lines of investigation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Body side-specific control of motor activity during turning in a walking animal

    Matthias Gruhn et al.
    Turning in an insect is the combined result of body-side-specific modifications in processing of local sensory feedback, and modification of local central pattern generator activity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    TP53 copy number expansion is associated with the evolution of increased body size and an enhanced DNA damage response in elephants

    Michael Sulak et al.
    Elephants escaped enhanced cancer susceptibility by evolving more master tumor suppressor genes.
    1. Plant Biology

    Dynamic F-actin movement is essential for fertilization in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Tomokazu Kawashima et al.
    The movement of F-actin filaments, which is regulated by actin-myosin interactions together with a female gamete-specific Rho-GTPase, enables migration of the Arabidopsis sperm cell nucleus towards the female nucleus; which might account for the loss of centrosomes in flowering plants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Translational control of nociception via 4E-binding protein 1

    Arkady Khoutorsky et al.
    The mTOR downstream effector eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) regulates mechanical nociception via translational control of synaptic transmission in the spinal cord.

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