1,770 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of alpha-synuclein fibrils

    Ricardo Guerrero-Ferreira et al.
    The alpha-synuclein fibril structure reported here buries residues 50-57 at the interface between its two protofilaments, suggesting that familial Parkinson's disease associated mutations in these residues lead to a structure not compatible with the one presented here.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Estrogen receptor alpha in the brain mediates tamoxifen-induced changes in physiology in mice

    Zhi Zhang et al.
    Estrogen receptor alpha in the hypothalamus is required for the effects of chronic tamoxifen treament on gene expression, thermoregulation, bone, and movement in mice.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of nucleic-acid recognition and double-strand unwinding by the essential neuronal protein Pur-alpha

    Janine Weber et al.
    The crystal structure of Pur-alpha in complex with DNA reveals its molecular mechanisms of nucleic-acid binding and unwinding, allowing for a better understanding of its essential role in neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alpha/beta power decreases track the fidelity of stimulus-specific information

    Benjamin James Griffiths et al.
    Neural representations of stimulus-specific information increase in fidelity as the power of alpha/beta activity decreases, suggesting that alpha/beta power decreases reflect a domain-general mechanism that supports information representation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Alpha-satellite RNA transcripts are repressed by centromere–nucleolus associations

    Leah Bury et al.
    Single molecule FISH analysis defines the behavior of centromere-derived alpha-satellite transcripts in intact human cells and reveals a critical role for centromere-nucleolar contacts in repressing alpha-satellite transcription.
    1. Neuroscience

    Electrocorticographic dissociation of alpha and beta rhythmic activity in the human sensorimotor system

    Arjen Stolk et al.
    Direct cortical recordings in humans link the spectral structure of local field potentials to inhibition/disinhibition mechanisms coordinating sensorimotor neuronal populations during movement imagery.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal links between parietal alpha activity and spatial auditory attention

    Yuqi Deng et al.
    Stimulating one side of parietal cortex using an appropriate frequency of alternating current interferes with attention to a sound stream from a location on the opposite side of a space.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Estrogen receptor alpha somatic mutations Y537S and D538G confer breast cancer endocrine resistance by stabilizing the activating function-2 binding conformation

    Sean W Fanning et al.
    Two common mutant versions of estrogen receptor alpha achieve constitutive activity and hormone-resistance by preferentially adopting a suite of conformations that expose the coregulator-binding surface.
    1. Neuroscience

    Auditory cortical alpha/beta desynchronization prioritizes the representation of memory items during a retention period

    Nathan Weisz et al.
    Top-down mediated decreases of beta activity in auditory cortex prior to a predictable distractor in an auditory working memory task is associated with increased representation of to-be-memorized information.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Stochastic resonance mediates the state-dependent effect of periodic stimulation on cortical alpha oscillations

    Jérémie Lefebvre et al.
    Stochastic resonance, triggered by fluctuations in brain state, is found to determine the outcomes of periodic stimulation and how it interacts with brain oscillations.

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