359 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Designed α-sheet peptides inhibit amyloid formation by targeting toxic oligomers

    Gene Hopping et al.
    Novel designed alpha-sheet peptides inhibit amyloidosis in two different systems and preferentially bind the toxic oligomer.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Precise assembly of complex beta sheet topologies from de novo designed building blocks

    Indigo Chris King et al.
    Protein structures with complex topologies can be designed by recombining small independently folded domains.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    A tethered delivery mechanism explains the catalytic action of a microtubule polymerase

    Pelin Ayaz et al.
    Using linked TOG domains that each bind a curved conformation of αβ-tubulin, a microtubule polymerase catalyzes fast elongation by concentrating αβ-tubulin near the polymer end.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    A mutation uncouples the tubulin conformational and GTPase cycles, revealing allosteric control of microtubule dynamics

    Elisabeth A Geyer et al.
    A buried mutation in αβ-tubulin reveals an allosteric response to GDP in the lattice that dictates microtubule catastrophe and shrinking.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Tubulin cofactors and Arl2 are cage-like chaperones that regulate the soluble αβ-tubulin pool for microtubule dynamics

    Stanley Nithianantham et al.
    Soluble αβ-tubulin assembly is regulated by a cage-like molecular complex containing tubulin cofactors and Arl2.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Integrin α5β1 nano-presentation regulates collective keratinocyte migration independent of substrate rigidity

    Jacopo Di Russo et al.
    The use of nanopatterned hydrogels and specific integrin α5β1 peptidomimetic revealed that keratinocytes require an optimum inter-ligand spacing to best propagate intercellular forces and efficiently coordinate cell sheet migration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial ClpX activates an essential biosynthetic enzyme through partial unfolding

    Julia R Kardon et al.
    The mitochondrial protein unfoldase ClpX activates the first enzyme in heme biosynthesis, ALAS, by targeted unfolding that gates access of cofactor to the ALAS active site.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Autoinhibition of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) and activation by soluble inositol hexakisphosphate

    Qi Wang et al.
    A key B-cell tyrosine kinase that adopts an autoinhibited conformation, and can be activated by either membrane recruitment or soluble inositol hexakisphosphates in solution.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Effects of domestication on the gut microbiota parallel those of human industrialization

    Aspen T Reese et al.
    Gut microbial signatures of domestication parallel those of industrialization, implicating shared ecological drivers.

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