4,798 results found
    1. Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Adult stem cell-derived complete lung organoid models emulate lung disease in COVID-19

    Courtney Tindle et al.
    An integrated stem cell-based disease modeling and computational approach demonstrates how proximal airway epithelium is critical for SARS-CoV-2 infectivity and distal alveolar cells are critical for simulating the host responses.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Apical contacts stemming from incomplete delamination guide progenitor cell allocation through a dragging mechanism

    Eduardo Pulgar et al.
    Incomplete delamination serves as a cellular platform for coordinated tissue movements during development, guiding newly formed progenitor cell groups to the differentiation site.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    NHR-8 and P-glycoproteins uncouple xenobiotic resistance from longevity in chemosensory C. elegans mutants

    Gabriel A Guerrero et al.
    Separate genetic pathways mediate longevity, pathogen resistance, and cell-nonautonomous regulation of xenobiotic detoxification in chemosensory defective Caenorhabditis elegans mutants.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based combination antiretroviral therapy is associated with lower cell-associated HIV RNA and DNA levels compared to protease inhibitor-based therapy

    Alexander O Pasternak et al.
    In two independent cohorts, NNRTI-based cART regimens are associated with significantly lower cell-associated HIV RNA levels than PI-based regimens, suggesting more potent suppression of residual virus replication by NNRTI-based regimens.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Witnessing the structural evolution of an RNA enzyme

    Xavier Portillo et al.
    An RNA enzyme is caught in the act of evolving a new structural domain within its active site, resulting in enhanced catalytic function.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Environmental fluctuations reshape an unexpected diversity-disturbance relationship in a microbial community

    Christopher P Mancuso et al.
    Laboratory experiments using a microbial community and mathematical modeling reveal how environmental disturbances can predictably alter the diversity and composition of an ecosystem.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A universal pocket in fatty acyl-AMP ligases ensures redirection of fatty acid pool away from coenzyme A-based activation

    Gajanan S Patil et al.
    The structural basis of how an enzyme differentiates chemically identical molecules unlike its homolog to channel fatty acids towards secondary metabolism is elucidated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoding the brain state-dependent relationship between pupil dynamics and resting state fMRI signal fluctuation

    Filip Sobczak et al.
    The variability of the pupil–fMRI relationship was characterized through a combination of clustering and prediction methods, which revealed brain state-specific subcortical and neuromodulatory activation patterns reflected in pupil dynamics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Task-specific roles of local interneurons for inter- and intraglomerular signaling in the insect antennal lobe

    Debora Fusca, Peter Kloppenburg
    In the antennal lobe of insects, nonspiking local interneurons play a crucial role in intraglomerular signaling.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Thrombopoietin from hepatocytes promotes hematopoietic stem cell regeneration after myeloablation

    Longfei Gao et al.
    Systemic but not locally produced thrombopoietin promotes hematopoietic stem cell regeneration after myeloablation.

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